Nidularium Nidularium

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Nidularium Nidularium
Nidularium Nidularium
Video: Nidularium Nidularium
Video: НИДУЛЯРИУМ 2023, February

The bromeliad family. Homeland of the rainforests of Brazil. There are about 25 species in nature. In culture, you can find 2 types:

  • Nidularium billbergioides Nidularium billbergioides is an epiphytic or epilithic plant with a rosette of 15-16 leaves, broadly linear in shape, pointed at the end, with a finely serrated edge, up to 50-60 cm long and 3-4 cm wide, bright green in color. Small, inconspicuous flowers are collected in a complex inflorescence on straight, rather high peduncles. The inflorescence is hidden in tight adjoining leaves that protrude far from the rosette, and are distinguished by a bright yellow or bright red color, which turns green after flowering. It can bloom for a very long time - from late spring to December.
  • Nidularium innocentii Nidularium innocentii is an epiphytic or terrestrial plant very similar in appearance to neoregelia. Its numerous leaves are broadly lanceolate, pointed at the end, about 35-50 cm long and about 4-5 cm wide, dark green in color, with a reddish tint on the upper side, and purple on the back of the leaf. Inflorescences on very short peduncles, hiding in the axils of the inflorescence leaves of a bright red color. Blooms from early summer to December. There is a variety with leaves covered with light stripes.

Nidularium - care and cultivation

Temperature: Nidularium is quite thermophilic. It prefers about 22-25 ° C in summer, in winter the temperature should be moderate 18-20 ° C, the minimum winter temperature is 16 ° C. All bromeliads do not tolerate heat in poorly ventilated rooms or cold drafts, especially when there is water in the outlet or leaf axils.

Lighting: Bright diffused light, i.e. protected from direct sunlight. Shading is not required since autumn, since the plant needs good lighting at this time of the year. The best location is right next to the east or west window, or the north window sill.

Watering: Like all bromeliads, nidularium is watered directly into the leaf outlet. The socket is 2/3 filled with water. There is a recommendation that in spring and summer there should always be water in the leaf outlet, in winter watering is limited. In fact, at home, it is not the season of the year that matters, but the temperature in the room - if it is higher from 23-24 ° C, the water must be topped up as it evaporates. If the temperature is below 20 ° C, then you should not leave water in the outlet all the time, it is better to pour it into the ground. If the temperature is about 16 ° C, there should be no water in the outlet, the axils of the leaves should not be. Moistening is best done by spraying from a very fine spray bottle twice a day and, if necessary, pour a little into the soil.

Only soft water is used for irrigation - necessarily boiled or filtered, at room temperature. If the water in your area is hard, boiling and regular household filters will not make it much softer, then use distilled water.

Fertilizers: From May to September, fertilizer dressings are carried out once a month, while the fertilizer is diluted with water for irrigation and poured into an outlet. Fertilizer is used special for bromeliads, or for ordinary indoor plants, but taken in a dose four times less than for other plants.

Air humidity: Nidularium should be sprayed periodically.

Transfer: After flowering, the mother plant dies off, so daughter offspring are taken from it and rooted in a soil mixture consisting of 1 part of light sod land, 2 parts of leaf, 1 part of humus, 1 part of finely chopped pine bark. You can use commercially available bromeliad potting mix. The planting container should not be too deep, it is better to use wide bowls.

Reproduction: Offspring (daughter rosettes). It should be noted that young offspring will acquire real decorative attractiveness only after a few years.

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