Operculicaria Operculicarya

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Operculicaria Operculicarya
Operculicaria Operculicarya
Video: Operculicaria Operculicarya
Video: Root cuttings Operculicarya 2023, February

Family of anakardia (sumach). Homeland - the island of Madagascar. Another name for operculicaria is false Japanese pepper, as this plant is very similar to zanthoxylum, a plant of the Rutaceae family. The similarity is so strong that confusion has arisen among the suppliers of indoor plants and on many Russian and foreign flower sites.

The relatives of this plant are mango, pistachio, sumac, etc. As you can see, some members of this family have edible fruits, others contain poisonous and burning substances, as well as tannins, resins, wax, etc.

  • Operculicaria decary Operculicarya decaryi is an evergreen tree, reaching 9 meters in height in nature. With a thick trunk (in a perennial tree in nature, the trunk thickness reaches 1 meter in diameter). The bark of the trunk is rough, bumpy on the old trunk, smoother on young branches. It has complex pinnately dissected leaves with an odd number of segments (leaflets). Leaves are leathery, with a glossy sheen. Looking at the false Japanese pepper, you can see lionfish, like those that most members of the rue family have. Flowers are dioecious, dark red, small - only about 2 mm in diameter, single or collected in few-flowered (no more than 6 pcs.) Inflorescences. Bloom in February-March.
  • Operculicaria thick-legged Operculicarya pachypus is a short shrub, about 1 meter in height. With a thick caudex trunk up to 50 cm in diameter. The bark on the branches is smoother than that of Operculicarya decaryi, and the shoots grow kinky, almost zigzag. Flowers are dioecious, up to 2 mm in diameter, yellow-green in color, solitary or in inflorescences with few flowers. Bloom in February-March. A dry and cool dormant period is required for flowering (watering at 10 ° C about once a month).

Opercular Care

Temperature: Operculicaria, in contrast to zanthoxylum, is more cold-resistant, the winter minimum for it is +8 ° C, and optimally 10-15 ° C. Does not tolerate hypothermia in wet soil! It does not tolerate hot rooms with stale air, therefore it is completely unsuitable for growing in the kitchen.

Lighting: Bright sunlight, shading is needed only in spring on the southern windowsill, if the winter was cloudy enough. Nature protected the leaves of operculicaria from the scorching sun with a wax coating on the leaves.

Watering: Quite abundant from spring to autumn, after drying the upper layers of the soil. In winter, water is limited, preventing the soil from only completely drying out. With excessive watering, the roots rot, the leaves turn yellow and fly around. Easily tolerates dryness than excess moisture.

Fertilization: From April to September, they are fed with a complex fertilizer for indoor plants in a half dosage, but weekly, since the opercularis is characterized by intensive growth. They do not feed in autumn and winter.

Air humidity: Operculicaria requires very high humidity, so it is regularly sprayed. She tolerates a weekly hot shower (as a prophylaxis against spider mites) or placement on a wide pan of water during the hot summer months.

Transplant: Transplant in the spring, before bud break, young annually, more mature - once every 2-3 years. Good drainage is essential. Soil for a potted plant: 2 parts of sod, 1 part of leafy soil, 1 part of humus, 1 part of sand (fine expanded clay, vermiculite). Bonsai soil: 2/3 Akadama and 1/3 humus. Bonsai container - medium depth, too flat a pot does not fit.

Reproduction: Cuttings and layering in early spring, seeds in autumn. Seeds are sown in mini-plates in a mixture of universal soil and vermiculite in equal parts, deepening by 2-3 mm. Uniform humidification, ventilation, temperature 25 ° C. Seeds germinate in 2-4 weeks.

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