Nightshade Solanum

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Nightshade Solanum
Nightshade Solanum
Video: Nightshade Solanum
Video: Дикие Съедобные И ЛЕКАРСТВЕННЫЕ? Черный паслен (Solanum Nigrum) 2023, February

The nightshade family. Originally from South America. In nature, there are more than 1500 species of representatives of this genus. In culture, only two of them have become widespread. In the spring they bloom with inconspicuous flowers, and by winter they are covered with orange-red fruits, pleasing to the eye no worse than a New Year tree. In general, a decorative nightshade is an unpretentious plant for the home, if it is provided with a cool winter.

When keeping nightshade in a house where there are small children, precautions are needed - bright and beautiful berries that a baby can taste can cause severe poisoning.

  • False Nightshade Solanum pseudocapsicum is an evergreen shrub, up to 1.5 m in height, the leaves sit on short petioles, lanceolate, slightly wavy, up to 10 cm long. The flowers are small, white, solitary, or clustered in racemose inflorescences. Fruits are round, red or yellow, about 1.5-2 cm in diameter.
  • Pepper nightshade Solanum capsicastrum is an evergreen shrub similar to the previous species, growing about 1 m in height. The main difference is that young sprigs of pepper nightshade are covered with thin silvery pubescence, and the fruits are much smaller - about 1.5 cm in diameter.

Nightshade care

Temperature: Moderate in summer, preferably no higher than 24 ° C. In winter, nightshade is kept in cool conditions of about 12-16 ° C, at least 8 ° C. When kept in a room with a temperature above 26 ° C, nightshade leaves turn yellow and fly around, the berries also shrivel and fall off. Whereas in a cool winter, the berries last for several months.

Lighting: Nightshade is photophilous, grows well in bright light, shading is required only during the hottest hours of the day in spring and summer. A southeast window is ideal. If the plant is dark, then there are few leaves on it, it blooms and bears fruit poorly. In general, intensive growth requires at least 12-14 hours of daylight hours.

nightshade bonsai
nightshade bonsai

Watering: During the period of active growth, the soil should always be slightly damp in the depths of the pot. That is, when the temperature is above 20 ° C, after watering, wait for the soil in the pot to dry out on top, and water after 2-3 days. If the temperature is below 20 ° C, especially in autumn and winter, water much less often, after drying the soil after 7-10 days. Slight wilting of leaves from drying is allowed, but not strong wilting. Strong overdrying is destructive! Overflowing nightshade also does not tolerate well - rot and spots develop easily. Watering frequency directly depends on the density and drainage of the soil.

Top dressing: From May to September, nightshade is fed with a complex fertilizer for flowering indoor plants (a little nitrogen, enough potassium and phosphorus, plus a set of trace elements), every week in a dose half the recommended dose. You can use Fertika Lux, Pocon or Agricola for flowering plants, as well as fertilizer for tomatoes or vegetables.

Air humidity: Decorative nightshade needs to be sprayed if the humidity is below 40%. If in winter there is no possibility of a cool content, then it is better to put a pot of nightshade on a pallet with sphagnum moss

Transfer: Annually in February-March. The approximate composition of the soil: 2 parts of sod, 1 part of humus, 1 part of leafy soil and 1 part of fine gravel, 1/2 part of vermiculite (or pine needles, bark). Don't forget to drain at the bottom. The pot is a regular size, deep enough. There is no need to make a stock in a pot - it is easy to fill the plant. If necessary, you can transfer to a larger pot in the summer. Be sure to replace the topsoil if it is covered with salt deposits (yellow or gray lime mud). Loosen the soil after a heavy watering.

The roots of the nightshade are quite powerful, they grow strongly both in width and in height, therefore, when replanting old plants, pruning of both the crown and roots is required.

Reproduction: Stem cuttings in March - April, as well as seeds. Cuttings are best rooted in moist vermiculite in a mini-greenhouse.

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