Passiflora Passiflora

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Passiflora Passiflora
Passiflora Passiflora
Video: Passiflora Passiflora
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Passionflower family. Homeland South America, Australia, Asia, about. Madagascar. Among the people, passionflower is called passionflower. Passiflora is grown as an ampelous plant to decorate an apartment, balcony or loggia. Passionflower flowers are beautiful, unusual, but not durable. Passionflower grows quickly, easily tolerates pruning, needs support or trellises for garters.

passionflower blue
passionflower blue
passionflower blue
passionflower blue

Passiflora species

  • Passiflora blue Passiflora caerulea is a climbing vine with feathery, deeply dissected leaves; the stems have simple, unbranched antennae located in the leaf axils, which themselves reach for the support. Flowers are solitary, up to 10 cm in diameter, with a slight aroma. The fruit is an ovoid orange berry, up to 6 cm long.
  • Passiflora three-striped Passiflora trifasciata is a rare vine in indoor floriculture with a ribbed stem and three-lobed leaves, in the dark pattern of which there are grayish-purple stripes along the main veins, purple-purple on the back. The flowers are yellowish-white up to 4 cm in diameter, the fruits are a bluish, rounded berry up to 2.5 cm in diameter.
  • Edulis Passiflora Passiflora edulis, or Passion fruit - liana, has three-lobed, deeply dissected leaves, with a finely toothed edge, saturated green color, up to 20 cm long. Flowers are single, about 3 cm in diameter. Fruits are oblong, yellow to dark purple when ripe, filled with numerous seeds. There are several different varieties of passion fruit, for example Passiflora edulis var. flavicarpa Golden passion fruit, has bright yellow fruits that can grow to the size of a grapefruit.
  • Passiflora lemon Passiflora citrina is a rarer, but no less interesting liana, it is miniature: stems up to 3-4 m long. Leaves are 2-lobed, up to 5 cm long and 3-4 cm wide. Flowers are tubular-star-shaped, with narrow petals, lemon-yellow, single or in pairs in the leaf axils. A flower about 6 cm in diameter has petals about 3 cm long and 3-4 mm wide. The plant needs cross-pollination to set fruit. The fruit is oblong, reddish in color, approximately 4.5 x 2.5 cm at full maturity.
passionflower lemon
passionflower lemon
passionflower lemon
passionflower lemon
passionflower wavy
passionflower wavy
passionflower purple variety Victoria
passionflower purple variety Victoria

Photos of other varieties and species of passionflower

Passiflora care

Temperature: Moderate or cool, in summer from 18 to 24 ° C. In a too warm room, the leaves turn yellow and dry, there are not many buds and flowers, the plant quickly loses its decorative attractiveness. Since autumn, passionflower needs a cooler room, with a temperature of about 13-16 ° C. If it is not possible to keep passionflower cool in winter, then it is better to grow it as an annual plant, renewing every spring from seeds. In a warm room with a heating system, passionflower will go bald, losing all the leaves, and may even die.

Lighting: Maximum lighting. On the southern window, passionflower can be covered with flowers and buds, but in the hottest hours, shading may be needed - not from the sun, but from the heat! On the northern window, passionflower will grow and bloom if the window is not shaded, but flowering will be poor - passionflower requires at least 4 hours of sunlight per day. Therefore, the southeast and west window, not shaded by trees, is well suited for growing.

Watering: The main thing is uniform, without overdrying and waterlogging. In the warm period, in spring and summer (as well as during warm wintering) - abundant, after the upper part of the soil dries up, the next day. In winter, watering depending on the temperature: if it is cold, then rarely, after the earth dries out from above, not immediately, but after a few days - the colder, the less often.

Important: the soil should not dry out completely, to a state of dust. Although under natural conditions, passionflower grows on well-drained soil containing a fair amount of rubble, along roads in rather arid regions. Some species, like lemon passionflower, grow in hilly areas, humid pine forests (600-1500 m above sea level), but the soil there is quite loose, airy. Therefore, passionflower tolerates drying out quite stoically, although some of the leaves (lower ones) will inevitably turn yellow and fly around. At the same time, when the ground is constantly wet, the roots may rot, the plant suffers from hypoxia and may die. To avoid this, it is important to make the right potting mix.

Top dressing: From April to August with fertilizers for indoor flowering plants, the dose is taken about half the recommended dose. Top dressing every two weeks. Choose fertilizers where the N: P: K ratio is in equal proportions, or potassium (K) is slightly higher.

Air humidity: In the warm season, spray at a time when the sun's rays do not hit the leaves.

Transfer: Annually in the spring. Before transplanting, even before the buds appear, the passionflower is cut to about 1/3 of the length of the branches. Passiflora roots are not powerful enough, develop slowly, so never use too large pots (with a margin), the maximum pot size for an adult bush is 20-25 cm, a 12 cm pot is enough for rooted cuttings.

Soil for passionflower is quite nutritious, but well-drained, does not retain water for a long time. Therefore, well-fertilized garden soil will not work, as well as peat with compost. Ideally, the soil should consist of 1 part turf, 1 part leaf, 1 part fine gravel (zeolite chips). The acidity is on average from 6.1 to 7.5, but an average pH of 6.2-6.3 is preferable. You can use ready-made soil from a store based on middle peat, for one part of it you must definitely add 1/2 part of fine gravel (2-3 mm), a little vermicompost. Avoid adding nitrogen-rich mixtures.

Reproduction

Passionflower propagated by seeds in early spring and stem cuttings in summer. Rooting cuttings is best done in pure vermiculite. It takes up to 3 months for root formation.

It is best to use fresh seeds that germinate fairly easily. Seeds that have been stored for a long time have almost no chance of success; rare ones can germinate up to 12 months.

To improve germination, the seeds should be filed lightly on one or both sides with a nail file. Then soak them in lukewarm water for a day. Prepare the soil for now - all-purpose soil or leafy soil in half with coarse sand (or vermiculite). Plant the seeds to a depth of 2-5 mm.

Important: if you are having trouble germinating passionflower seeds, keep in mind that temperature fluctuations play a significant role. Ideally, the temperature for germination of passionflower seeds should change per day: the first 16 hours after planting + 20 ° C, then bring it to 30 ° C for 8 hours. The next day is also 12 hours at 20 ° C, 8 hours at 30 ° C. If you cannot maintain such a temperature schedule, then set a constant temperature of 26 ° C. But usually, such a schedule is easy to set using a heating pad, shoe dryer, or a conventional radiator.

Germination time with alternating temperatures takes two to four weeks, with constant (in fresh seeds) - from four to eight weeks. As soon as seedlings appear, provide them with good quality lighting, lasting at least 12 hours.

Growing problems

Passionflower is one of the few indoor plants, which is distinguished not only by its unpretentiousness, but also by its ability to grow well, develop and even bloom on any window - both in the north and in the south, if only the window is well lit.

  • The plant slows down growth, the leaves turn yellow - not enough watering, in spring and summer the soil should be moist all the time.
  • The ends of long stems are sluggish and drooping - if the temperature is too high and the air is dry, there is not enough watering.
  • The plant is all sluggish, the leaves are pale drooping - waterlogging of the soil (after watering, the water must be drained from the pan), when transplanting, drain it at the bottom of the pot.
  • New leaves are formed small - with a lack of nutrients, with a lack of lighting.
  • Passionflower berries remain yellow, covered with black spots, leaves shriveled - too low temperature and high humidity, possibly with a sharp decrease in light (in autumn).
  • Passionflower does not bloom - if it is planted in a pot that is too large, if the plant is poorly leafed or the leaves are small, then from a lack of nutrients, if the leaves are large and intensely green, then from an excess of fertilizer. In addition, passionflower does not bloom or blooms poorly in low light conditions.

Attention: Passfiflora is prone to being affected by various types of ticks. If yellowing leaves, gray spots and blotches appear on them, inspect the crown for pests.

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