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The Niktagin family. Homeland - Central America, Australia, New Zealand. There are about 50 species in nature.
In culture, Pisonia umbellate Pisonia umbellifera is widespread. The plant looks like a ficus plant, but surprisingly it is a member of the same family as Bougainvillea.
It is an evergreen tree, reaching 5 m in height in nature, with highly branching shoots. The leaves are opposite, oblong, smooth, with a wavy edge, about 15-20 cm long, when grown at home in nature up to 30 cm. The flowers are very fragrant. More often you can find the variegated variety Pisonia umbellifera variegata - with wide white or yellowish irregular spots on the edges of the leaf. This plant is called the birder tree by the local population. This is due to the fact that its inflorescences and fruits, which are formed only in natural conditions, secrete a sticky resin. It is so sticky that it clings to everything that touches it - clothes, hair, but small birds especially suffer, not to mention insects. But, despite this, variegated pisonia began to spread in home floriculture,sometimes it is even used as a potensai, forming like miniature trees.
Temperature: Grows well in warm rooms at 18-20 ° C, preferably not higher than 23 ° C, and in winter about 16-17 ° C, not lower than 12 ° C. Pizonia will grow calmly all year round in warm home conditions only if there is sufficient lighting in winter and increased humidity by any means.
Lighting: Bright diffused light, mandatory shading from direct sunlight in the summer in the afternoon. Grows well in the east and northwest window. Ideal location: where the plant will receive at least four hours of direct sunlight every day, and bright light the rest of the time.
Watering: Moderate in spring and summer - the soil must dry well in the upper third of the pot. In winter, with a cool content, watering is rare, when the soil is thoroughly dry. The soil should not be completely dry or too damp. Water for irrigation is used soft and warm (preferably filtered and boiled).
Fertilizer: During the period of active growth from March to August after two weeks, liquid fertilizer for indoor plants.
Air humidity: This plant needs high humidity, preferably in the form of fog daily in summer and at any time when the air temperature is above 23-24 ° C. During the heating season in winter - only a humidifier, otherwise the leaves dry and fly around. Spraying is allowed only with soft water. You can give her a hot shower once a month (water temperature 45 ° C) in order to prevent the appearance of spider mites.
Transfer: Annually in spring young plants, adults - after 2 years. Soil - 2 parts of leafy land, 1 part of sod, 1 part of humus and 1 part of sand. Good drainage to the bottom and large holes for water drainage. You can use store-bought all-purpose soil by adding a few handfuls of chopped pine bark. Attention: pyzonia does not like rough transplantation, it is better to carefully transfer it, shaking off only the soil that easily lags behind the roots itself.
Reproduction: Stem cuttings, which are cut in summer. The cuttings are rooted using phytohormones and with soil heating.