Decorative Pepper Piper

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Decorative Pepper Piper
Decorative Pepper Piper
Video: Decorative Pepper Piper
Video: Ornamental Pepper Black Olive 2023, February
Anonim

Pepper family. Homeland - tropical regions of Central and South America, Europe and Asia. In nature, there are about 2,000 species. These are herbs, vines and shrubs. Plants of this genus have nothing to do with the vegetable that is grown in the garden. Bell pepper (aka red pepper, aka sweet pepper) belongs to the genus Capsicum.

But black peppercorns - the most representative of the pepper family - its botanical name is Piper nigrum. Of course, it is grown on plantations, on an industrial scale for the sake of obtaining fruits (small drupe about 5 mm) - a spice known throughout the world. But some flower growers, exotic lovers, grow black pepper in pots. It is very decorative, the leaves are neat, heart-shaped, about 8-10 cm in diameter, pointed at the end, bright green in color. Outwardly, the black pepper bush looks like a clerodendrum, requires a garter to a support, or is grown as an ampelous plant - shoots can grow several meters in length, form aerial roots.

decorative pepper
decorative pepper
decorative pepper
decorative pepper
intoxicating pepper
intoxicating pepper
  • Saffron pepper Piper crocatum is an evergreen vine that forms aerial roots that cling to a support. Its leaves are elongated-ovoid, pointed at the end, up to 10 cm long. The leaf surface is dark green, with whitish spots along the veins, the reverse side is purple-red. Flowers are small, collected in axillary spicate inflorescences, do not represent decorative value.
  • The intoxicating pepper Piper methysticum, or "kava-kava", is an evergreen vine with large heart-shaped leaves, pointed at the end, slightly asymmetrical in shape. Leaves are opposite, with pronounced venation, a bit like begonias. The leaf surface is dark green, creeping shoots, the plant is grown with a support or in hanging pots. The intoxicating pepper Piper methysticum got its name from the fact that its leaves contain the substance Kavalactone - a substance that can affect the central nervous system, used in medicine for its analgesic, anticonvulsant, nootropic and sedative properties.
  • Other types of peppers such as Piper auritum are grown as an ornamental shrub in countries with tropical climates. This pepper has pleasant taste qualities of the leaves, which makes it possible to use it as a spice - the leaves are added to soups, to stews, and at the same time they are used to treat snake bites, they prepare infusions for headaches, colds and hypertension.

The local population in their homeland - the islands of Polynesia, Melanesia, Hawaii, the roots of the intoxicating pepper were used to produce a drink with sedative and anesthetic properties. But the harm from the use of kava-kava (it is hepatotoxic, addictive) is considered too significant, kava is banned as a commercial crop in many countries. Nevertheless, it is grown as an ornamental plant.

Pepper - care and cultivation at home

Temperature: Normal in summer, optimal for growth 20-24 ° C. In winter, a little cooler - about 18-20 ° С, but not lower than 15 ° С - pepper is a heat-loving plant.

Lighting: Bright diffused light or light partial shade. On hot summer days, shading from the sun is mandatory in the afternoon. The best place is the sill of the east or northwest window.

Watering: Abundant in summer - after the soil dries out at the top of the pot. In winter, with a decrease in temperature, watering is more rare, and if the house is warm, then it is common, as it dries. Ornamental pepper does not tolerate chlorine in water and high hardness. Therefore, filtered or boiled water is used for irrigation.

Fertilization: From April to August, they are fed with liquid fertilizers for decorative deciduous plants, every two weeks. Fertilizer should not be alkaline.

Air humidity: Peppers require very high air humidity. In addition to the fact that the plants are sprayed twice a day, the pots are placed on wide trays of damp moss or peat.

Transfer: Annually in the spring, and if the soil is covered with a salt crust, you need to replace the top layer of the earth. Soil from a mixture of 1 part of greenhouse land, 1 part of leaf land, 1 part of humus and 1 part of sand or gravel chips (2-3 mm). An important condition is good drainage of the soil, it should not cake and stick together. For better loosening, sand can be replaced with vermiculite or coconut substrate.

Reproduction: Stem cuttings, less often seeds (seeds germinate poorly, seedlings grow very slowly) and only with good supplementary lighting and high humidity (in a mini-plate).

Growing problems

  • The leaves turn yellow, become lethargic - with massive yellowing, the cause may be waterlogging of the soil, especially in winter at low temperatures. With a lack of nutrition, the leaf turns yellow gradually, from the tip.
  • The leaves turn yellow, dry brown spots appear on them - with insufficient watering, or, on the contrary, excessive (determine by the ground by touch).
  • The leaves are pale transparent, then turn yellow - with an excess of sunlight, on the south or west window without shading.
  • Bare lower part of the stem, new leaves are small - with a lack of lighting, and also, if the soil is depleted, the soil becomes alkalized.
  • Dry, brown tips and edges of leaves - too dry indoor air at high temperatures. If at the same time there is a slight yellowing, then the reason may be the tightness of the pot or lack of nutrition.
  • Pepper pests - mites and thrips are more likely, see the pests section for signs.

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