Table of contents:
Araliev family. Originally from the tropical regions of South and East Asia. About 80 species are widespread in nature. In culture there are:
- Poliscias Balfoura Polyscias balfouriana is a shrub with leathery dark green rounded leaves covered with light green or gray dots, about 5-7 cm in diameter. Some varieties have a white or yellowish border around the edge of the leaf.
- Poliscias shrub Polyscias fruticosa is a tall shrub with double and triple pinnate leaves. Leaf segments from rounded to narrow lanceolate, with a jagged edge. It blooms with small inconspicuous whitish flowers. Varieties with variegated leaves look especially impressive - having a white canvas along the edge of the leaf.
Polisias - care and cultivation
This cute houseplant can be grown all year round on windowsills, without shading, as long as they are not oriented towards the hot, sunny side. Polisias grows quite quickly, at home about 80 cm in height, or a little more, it tolerates pruning well, and loosening after abundant watering and periodic inspection for the possibility of ticks should be attributed to important plant care techniques. When airing, remove the flower pot from under the window!
Temperature: Poliscias prefers a temperate or warm climate. In summer, the optimum temperature for growth is 24-26 ° C, at night 18-20 ° C. In winter, it is desirable to keep it cool at 18-20 ° C, at least 16 ° C, or rearrange the plant on a lighter windowsill.
Lighting: Bright diffused light, light partial shade in summer, direct sun from November to the end of January, especially necessary for variegated forms. Contrary to the name of this plant, Poliscias grows best in a very bright place, protected from direct sun in the afternoon until 5 pm.
Watering: Poliscias is watered sparingly in summer when the soil dries well at the top of the soil. In winter, when the temperature drops, it is limited, when the soil is almost all dry. With a warm content, as in summer, as the soil dries out. Water for irrigation should be soft (boiled or filtered), room temperature.
Fertilizer: From May to August, they are fed with a complex fertilizer for decorative deciduous plants, once every 2-3 weeks.
Air humidity: Polisias is very picky about air humidity. Prefers about 70-80% humidity. In winter, the main problem is the heat from the heating system, but since the policeman has a rather compact crown, the problem can be easily solved using a wide pan with wet pebbles and spraying.
Transplant: Transplant annually with good drainage. The pot does not need to be taken too large, and holes on the bottom must be present. Soil: 1 part turf, 1 part humus, 1 part leafy soil and 1 part coarse sand (small pebbles, zeolite granules). More soil options:
- 2 parts of universal soil from the store, 1 part of coconut substrate from briquettes and for this mixture take dry vermicompost (from bags) in the amount recommended by the manufacturer (about 1/8 part).
- 2 parts of high peat, 2 parts of loam (garden soil), 1 part of vermiculite.
Reproduction: Stem cuttings in the spring. Cuttings take root rather difficult, so it is better to cut them off in early March, with the growth of sunny days, and use a mini-greenhouse with soil heating and phytohormones.