Chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum - Home Care, Watering, Planting

Table of contents:

Chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum - Home Care, Watering, Planting
Chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum - Home Care, Watering, Planting
Video: Chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum - Home Care, Watering, Planting
Video: How To Grow Chrysanthemum/Mums - Chrysanthemum Plant Care, Propagation & Chrysanthemum Growing Tips 2023, February
Anonim
Chrysanthemum
Chrysanthemum

Family Compositae. Originally from East Asia, chrysanthemum from the 18th century was brought to Europe, where its hybridization began immediately. This has led to an amazing variety of colors and shapes.

To date, about 30 species are known. All of them are short shrubs with erect shoots, bare or rarely pubescent. The leaves are alternate, simple or pinnately dissected, with a serrated or notched edge. In different species, the leaves are pubescent or bare, light green in color. The flowers are small, in baskets, what we call flowers are inflorescences of many reed and tubular flowers. If the ligulate marginal flowers are located in one row, the flowers are simple, if in many they are double, and tubular flowers imperceptibly hide in the middle. Chrysanthemum inflorescences can be of a wide variety of shades - red, pink, purple, yellowish and poisonous yellow, and white, many varieties are bicolor. We can say that inflorescences come in all colors except blue. The fruit is achene.

At the beginning of their cultural history, chrysanthemums were of little use for growing at home - they were too demanding for fresh air and a cold dormant period, susceptible to diseases. The selection did not stand still, and varieties suitable for pot cultivation were specially bred. Such chrysanthemums come to our windowsill from Holland, Poland and nurseries of other European countries. However, when grown in nurseries, special preparations are used that inhibit the growth of shoots, therefore, purchased chrysanthemums are compact and lush blooming. It is difficult to preserve this miniature size - we do not have such chemicals at our disposal, so it should not be surprising that the shape of the purchased chrysanthemum changes over time. For compactness and branching, chrysanthemum shoots must be regularly pinched, cuttings, starting from their height of about 20 cm.When propagating by cuttings, several plants are planted in one pot to get a lush bush.

Chrysanthemum care at home

Temperature: Chrysanthemum loves coolness in summer, optimally from 18 to 20 ° C, at night 5-6 ° C lower. Poorly tolerates daytime heat above 24 ° C, especially in closed rooms. Blossoming in potted chrysanthemums, like in garden ones, occurs during a short daylight period - 8 hours, and the onset of cool weather, at temperatures above 20 ° C, flowers wither. Therefore, you can successfully grow chrysanthemums only in a private house or, if there is an insulated balcony, when you can constantly ventilate and there is a difference in daily temperatures. In winter, the dormant period is dry and leafless.

Lighting: Chrysanthemum is photophilous, it needs the sun's rays, but the problem is that it is very hot in the summer in the sun - shading is necessary so that the plants do not overheat and burn. The east or northwest side is best.

Watering: Abundant in warm weather, after the top of the soil dries out. In cold weather (when it rains at the end of summer or spring cold snaps), it is more moderate, you need to wait several days after the soil dries out.

Chrysanthemum
Chrysanthemum

Humidity: Periodic spraying if it is very hot or you can put the pot on a tray of water. Chrysanthemums love air humidity from 40 to 50%.

Transplant: Young plants are transplanted annually old after a couple of years. Chrysanthemums are not demanding on soils, and will grow well in ordinary garden soil, to which a little humus and sand are added. The only condition is that chrysanthemums do not like acidic soils and dense caked soil. Therefore, for friability, you can add vermiculite or even better coconut flakes.

Reproduction: Cuttings, seeds and dividing the bush.

Sometimes it happens that you were presented with cut chrysanthemums or you brought them from the garden, and while they stood in the water, they gave roots (this applies to small-flowered varieties of chrysanthemums). In this case, after transplanting the cuttings into a pot, they should be pruned at a height of 10-15 cm, if the plants are not bushy enough, you can pinch a few branches.

Caring for chrysanthemums after flowering: Chrysanthemums are usually sold as annual houseplants and discarded after flowering, but this is not necessary. If you want to preserve the plant, after flowering, cut off all long shoots, leaving only short petioles. Place the chrysanthemum pot in a cool room with a temperature of + 1-3 ° C. In the spring, with the growth of young shoots, the plant can be transferred to a warmer room in a bright place. Then transplant into fresh soil. After a month, you can first feed with fertilizers for ornamental-deciduous plants two dressings with an interval of 2 weeks, then with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers for flowering plants, also every two weeks.

Popular by topic