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The nightshade family. Homeland South America - the rainforests of Mexico, Bolivia. Only 10 species are vines or shrubs.
Juanulloa Mexicana is an evergreen shrub, about 1.5 m in height, leaves are hard, leathery, they sit on short petioles, oval in shape, slightly wavy, up to 7 cm long. The flowers are waxy, tubular, bright orange in color, collected in racemose inflorescences.
Juanulloa - care and cultivation
Temperature: moderate in summer, preferably no higher than 20 ° C. In winter, they are kept in cool conditions within the range of 12-14 ° C, at least 10 ° C. The plant can be grown on an insulated balcony. If you protect the pot well: put it in a bucket with dry sawdust or wrap it with foam rubber, then it can be stored at temperatures up to + 5 ° C in a completely dry soil.
Lighting: Juanulloa is photophilous, grows well in bright, diffused light, with some direct sun in the morning or evening. On the southern windows, shading will be needed from 12 to 15 hours.
Watering: during the growth period, the soil should be moist all the time, but not too damp. Those. for the next watering, the earth should dry out in the upper third of the pot. In winter, watering is rare, with a cool content, before the next watering, make sure that the ground is completely dry.
Top dressing: from May to September with complex fertilizer for flowering indoor plants, every two weeks.
Humidity: Juanulloa needs regular spraying, but it is best to put the pot on a pallet with wet pebbles or expanded clay. The optimum air humidity is 60-70%. When the plant is kept in a heated room in winter with a high temperature and dry air, the plant suffers greatly - it stretches, dries out the leaves.
Transfer: annually in February - March. Soil - 2 parts of clay-sod, 2 parts of humus, 1 part of leafy soil and 1 part of sand. Good drainage is a must. You can use purchased soil mixtures by adding 1 liter of vermiculite, 0.5 liters of pine bark, 0.5 liters of coarse river sand and a handful of dry crushed mullein to 5 liters of soil.
Reproduction: stem cuttings in summer. Rooting stimulants are used for rooting ("root", "heteroauxin", etc.). A stalk about 10 cm long is dipped in root powder and stuck into wet vermiculite or peat. Soil heating is required (about 25-26 ° C), and a cap from a cut transparent plastic bottle. If you remove the cap from the cap, you don't need to ventilate the cuttings. If you put a pot with a shank in a bag, then you need to air it 2-3 times a day for half an hour.