Eucalyptus Eucalyptus - Eucalyptus Care. Lemon Eucalyptus From Seeds

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Eucalyptus Eucalyptus - Eucalyptus Care. Lemon Eucalyptus From Seeds
Eucalyptus Eucalyptus - Eucalyptus Care. Lemon Eucalyptus From Seeds
Video: Eucalyptus Eucalyptus - Eucalyptus Care. Lemon Eucalyptus From Seeds
Video: Transplanting Lemon Gum Eucalyptus Seedlings Out Of Flat, What Do Lemon Gum Eucalyptus Seedlings Loo 2023, February

Myrtle family. Homeland - Australia, New Zealand, Tasmania, Indonesia. It is noteworthy that all species, with the exception of Rainbow Eucalyptus, grow wild in the Southern Hemisphere, but, of course, they have spread in many countries with tropical climates. It is popular due to its rapid growth, ability to drain marshlands, appreciated for its ability to disinfect the air and for its beautiful foliage.

Several species are grown indoors.

Eucalyptus ball (round) Eucalyptus globulus - in nature, a tall tree with a grayish bark and very branchy. In indoor conditions, this is a short shrub that needs regular pruning and pinching. Young shoots are tetrahedral, covered, like leaves, with a waxy bloom, gray-gray in color with a bluish tinge. Leaves at a young age are opposite, broadly lanceolate, narrowed at the end with a beautiful wavy edge, petiolate, and the shoots are thin, light green, woody over time. Old leaves are alternate, strongly elongated and crescent-shaped, and small petioles appear (the leaves become like willow leaves)

This species is characterized by annual rejuvenation of the bark, it exfoliates (in old plants, the bark often hangs in patches) and a new one grows. Because of this phenomenon, the eucalyptus received the popular name - "shameless". Flowers are solitary, axillary. The fruit is a ribbed spherical capsule, there are from one to several seeds and they ripen for a rather long time - about 2 years.

eucalyptus round
eucalyptus round

Eucalyptus round

eucalyptus bridges
eucalyptus bridges

Bridges eucalyptus

  • Gann Eucalyptus Eucalyptus gunii is another slow-growing species, a branching tree in nature, a small shrub at home. In young plants, leaves are rounded, like coins, gray-green in color or gray-gray, with age they become lanceolate, reaching 10-12 cm in length.
  • Lemon Eucalyptus Eucalyptus citriodora - a misnomer - a species previously cultivated as Lemon Eucalyptus citriodora, now has a different name: Lemongrass Corymbia citriodora. This is a tree with narrow-lanceolate leaves, gray-green and light green in color, covered with fine hairs, if rubbed, they emit a strong lemon scent. It grows slowly.

Leaves of Eucalyptus ball Eucalyptus globulus, Eucalyptus ash Eucalyptus cinerea and Eucalyptus rod-shaped Eucalyptus viminalis are a valuable medicinal raw material for obtaining essential oil.

At home, eucalyptus leaves can be used as an infusion with antiseptic properties, used for inhalation.

Eucalyptus care

Temperature: moderate, in summer eucalyptus prefers 24-26 ° C during the day and about 18 ° C at night. In winter, temperatures are below moderate or cool 12-15 ° C. In the summer, the pots can be exposed outdoors, on the balcony or in the garden, in a semi-shaded place.

Lighting: Eucalyptus needs bright light, some direct sunlight. Grows well on southeast and west windows. In summer, shading will be required from 11 to 15 pm. A mosquito net can be used as shading.

Watering: Abundant from spring to autumn, water after the soil has dried in the upper third of the pot. In winter, watering is moderate or limited, depending on the temperature. After the soil is dry in the upper half of the pot, you need to wait another 3-4 days before watering. But at the same time, the earth should not dry out completely to dust.

Fertilizer: from April to August with complex mineral fertilizer for indoor flowers, every two weeks.

Air humidity: Eucalyptus does not require spraying.

Transfer: every 2-3 years in the spring. Soil mixture: 2 parts turf and 1 part compost (or leaf) soil, 1/2 part coarse river sand and 1 part coconut substrate (chips or chopped fiber). The soil must be very porous for the roots to breathe and dry out faster after watering. Pinching the shoots inhibits their growth and stimulates the appearance of young leaves. The transplant is carried out only in the spring during the intensive growth of the leaves.

Reproduction: seeds and apical cuttings (about 15 cm long with a green stem). The seeds of many eucalyptus species are naturally stratified (stored in cold conditions). Many, but not all, and for some species, stratification is desirable, but its absence is not critical. So, lemon eucalyptus, hunni and some other species do not need stratification, but it is desirable (but not necessary) to keep the ball eucalyptus at 4-5 ° C (in the refrigerator) for 3 weeks.

lemon eucalyptus
lemon eucalyptus
eucalyptus gunny
eucalyptus gunny

Eucalyptus from seed

Eucalyptus seeds are widely available for sale - Gavrish firm and others, ask in flower shops. Moreover, lemon eucalyptus is no longer eucalyptus, but corymbia, but the seeds are still sold under the old name.

Reproduction is not difficult, sown in February-March. It is advisable to use soil heating if you have cold window sills, if the windows are plastic and there is no blowing anywhere, just place the bowl on the windowsill.

Eucalyptus seeds are not sprinkled, as they germinate better in the light. Crops are kept at a temperature of about 20-24 ° C. Seedlings appear in about a week, at best in 2 days. Eucalyptus trees, from the moment the second pair of true leaves appear, must be tied to a support, since their stems very slowly gain thickness. Use bamboo sticks as a support. Fix the support in the pot before transplanting, and then do not stick it into the roots. Eucalyptus does not like unnecessary trauma to the measles system.

Eucalyptus trees are distinguished by a fast growth rate - in nature, by the end of the first year of life, the height of young plants reaches 1.5–2 m, at 3 years the tree is already 6–8 m in height.

At home, eucalyptus also grows very quickly, but at first it is only a thin twig, about 30 cm long it begins to tilt from its own weight - the shoots are very thin. Therefore, the cuttings of eucalyptus are tied to a support, and at a height of 15-20 cm they are pinched or cut to stimulate branching.

Young shoots of eucalyptus are quite flexible, but over time they become woody and it is impossible to give them the desired shape, the bark cracks and the branches break. Therefore, traditionally, eucalyptus is formed only by pruning (several times during the growing season).

Problems of growing eucalyptus

  • Eucalyptus does not tolerate both drying out of an earthen coma and excessive watering, in this it behaves exactly like his brother myrtle - it rots from waterlogging, leaves dry from drying, the plant dies.
  • Needs cool wintering and fresh air. But at the same time, cold drafts are not allowed.
  • In insufficient light, the stems are stretched, the leaves become smaller and lose color.
  • On a too sunny window, burns may appear on the leaves.
  • With age, eucalyptus loses its decorative attractiveness due to too dry and hot wintering, so at home, as a rule, it does not live long.

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