Table of contents:
Family of acanthus. Homeland - the subtropics of Africa, India, China. There are about 30 species in culture.
- Eranthemum wattii Eranthemum wattii is a branchy shrub up to 1 meter tall. Leaves are opposite, petiolate, ovoid, pointed at the end, up to 15 cm long, with a rough surface. Flowers are collected in apical spike-shaped inflorescences. The corolla of the flower is five-membered, pink at the beginning of flowering, then dark purple.
- Eranthemum beautiful Eranthemum pulchellum is a shrub about 1.2 meters tall. Leaves are opposite, petiolate, ovoid, pointed at the end, up to 20 cm long, with a rough surface. Flowers are collected in apical spike-shaped inflorescences. With large white bracts. The corolla of the flower is five-membered, asymmetric, bright blue, about 2.5 cm long.
Erantemum - care and cultivation
Temperature: Moderate in summer, if possible, then from May-June it is better to put the pots with plants on the balcony or in the fresh air in the garden - under the delicate shading of trees. Optimum summer temperatures are around 24-26 ° C. In winter, cooler content at 16-18 ° C, minimum 15 ° C. If erantemum is grown in a heated room in winter, try to isolate it from the hot air of the batteries.
Lighting: Bright light with little direct sunlight. An east window, northwest and north will do, but if your windows from the street are shaded by trees, or you have a first floor, you may need additional lighting, otherwise the erantemum will quickly lose leaves at the bottom of the stem. The south and west windows may need shading in the afternoon.
Watering: Abundant from spring to autumn. The soil should be moist all the time in the depths of the pot, but be sure to dry out in the upper layers. In winter, watering is limited, dry the soil well, but do not allow prolonged drying.
Humidity: Regular spraying, occasionally warm showers. If kept in a heated room in winter, the pot with erantemum can be placed on a tray with water, and the batteries can be covered with damp towels.
Transfer: Annually in the spring. Soil - 1 part sod, 1 part humus, 1 part leafy soil and 1 part sand. You can use store-bought soils by adding 1 liter of vermiculite, 0.5 liters of pine bark, 0.5 liters of coarse river sand and a handful of dry crushed mullein to 5 liters of soil. Make sure that there are large drain holes at the bottom of the pot, and after heavy watering, do not leave water in the pan.
Reproduction: Stem cuttings, mainly apical. Cuttings are cut in February-March, about 15 cm long, the two lower leaves are removed and set to root in the water. So that the water does not deteriorate and the cuttings do not rot, change the water every other day to clean. You can plant the cuttings in the ground when the roots grow 3-4 cm long.