Echinopsis Echinopsis

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Echinopsis Echinopsis
Echinopsis Echinopsis
Video: Echinopsis Echinopsis
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Family of cactus. Probably the most common cactus in our country, it is found in nature from northern Bolivia to southern Argentina, it grows in Paraguay, Uruguay and southern Brazil. This group of cacti numbers more than 50 species; there are many hybrids in the culture, which makes it difficult to identify them. Echinopsis young have the shape of a ball, then they stretch out and the adult plant has a cylindrical stem. The flowers are large, long-tubular, mostly white or pink, sometimes fragrant. Some species grow singly, others in groups.

The genus Echinopsis, in addition to the Echinopsis proper, also includes cacti belonging to the lobivia and pseudo-lobivia.

Echinopsis sharp-edged Echinopsis oxygona - with a green large spherical or slightly flattened stem. 8-14 ribs, tuberous. Areoles are light gray, rounded. Radial spines 3-15, acicular, up to 2.5 cm long, gray, brown at the ends. Central spines 1-5, thick, acicular, up to 3 cm long, gray-brown, sometimes absent. The flowers are pink, rose-red.

echinopsis
echinopsis
Echinopsis
Echinopsis
Echinopsis
Echinopsis

Echinopsis Eirieza (Erie) Echinopsis eyriesii - with a dark green stem, which is spherical at first, then short-cylindrical - up to 20 cm high and 15 cm in diameter. 11-18 ribs. Areoles are round, whitish or gray-yellow. Radial spines 6-10, straight, barely visible in fluffy areoles, about 3 mm. There are 4-8 central spines, they are dark brown, hard, up to 5 mm long. The flowers are long, up to 25 cm in length, 9-10 cm in diameter, white or pink.

Echinopsis
Echinopsis
Echinopsis
Echinopsis
Echinopsis
Echinopsis

Echinopsis tubular Echinopsis tubiflora - with a green stem, which is only spherical at first, then cylindrical, 8 cm in diameter. 11-12 pronounced ribs with deep grooves. Radial spines up to 20, straight, yellow-brown, 2-2.5 cm long. 3-4 central spines, they are also yellow-brown, about 3.5 cm long. The flowers are very large, white or pale pink, funnel-shaped, up to 24 cm long and 10 cm in diameter.

Echinopsis
Echinopsis
Echinopsis
Echinopsis
Echinopsis
Echinopsis

Echinopsis ancystrophe Echinopsis ancistrophora is a small cactus, with a dark green stem, usually solitary, spherical, slightly flattened on top, 6 cm high, 8 cm in diameter. Ribs - 15-20, tuberous. Areoles are small and creamy. The central spine is one, light brown, up to 2 cm long, hooked. Sometimes there are more central ones (up to 4) or not at all. Radial spines 3-10, up to 1.5 cm long, bent back, light gray. The flowers are located laterally (on the sides of the stem), narrow-funnel-shaped, 12-16 cm long, of various colors.

Echinopsis ancystrophe
Echinopsis ancystrophe
Echinopsis ancystrophe
Echinopsis ancystrophe
Echinopsis
Echinopsis

Echinopsis subdenudata Echinopsis subdenudata - literally "almost naked", areoles with white pubescence. Stems are gray-green, solitary, spherical or slightly flattened on top, 5-8 cm high, 7-12 cm in diameter. Ribs - 10-12, areoles small, creamy, at a distance of up to 1.5 cm. Spines are grayish-brown, very short, invisible under the hairs of the areoles. Central spines - one directed upwards up to 2 mm long. Radial spines - 3-7, up to 1.5 mm long. Flowers are white or light pink, apical, narrow-funnel-shaped, slightly curved, up to 20 cm in length.

Echinopsis
Echinopsis
Echinopsis
Echinopsis
Echinopsis
Echinopsis

Echinopsis care

In general, Echinopsis are not demanding, but certain conditions should be observed for successful flowering. In most cases, Echinopsis flowers appear on the shady side of the stem. It is undesirable to turn the plant on the other side if it is going to bloom.

Temperature: Normal in summer, preferably kept outdoors, with a difference between night and day temperatures of 5-10 ° C. On a balcony in central Russia, you can take it out on a glazed balcony in April. In winter, the rest period is at a temperature of 8-10 ° C, not lower than + 5 ° C, in dryness. It is these conditions that are characteristic of those places where Echinopsis grow in nature.

Lighting: Bright diffused light, direct sun. Echinopsis can stand in the sun only after gradual accustoming, otherwise the plant may get burned, but even then, it is better to provide shading during especially hot hours in summer (from 12 to 15).

Watering: Moderate from spring to autumn, after drying the topsoil. In winter, without watering or with occasional watering, the frequency of which depends on the air temperature.

Fertilization: From March to August, once a month with a cactus fertilizer in the recommended dose.

Air humidity: not demanding of high air humidity, but in nature they are accustomed to fog, evening and morning dew. Therefore, the main thing is not to keep them near a dry air source (batteries).

Transfer: Soil - 2 parts of sod, 2 parts of leaf, 1 part of sand and brick or gravel chips. The roots of Echinopsis are well developed, so the dishes are selected more than for most other cacti, but not too spacious. Young plants are transplanted annually, old in a year. Good drainage to the bottom of the pot is required.

Reproduction: Easily propagated by children and seeds. They bloom in the fourth or fifth year.

Despite the fact that Echinopsis is easily propagated by children, the most beautiful and healthy plants are obtained if they are grown from seeds.

Seeds can be bought, or you can get yourself. For this, it is necessary, however, to have two flowering Echinopsis, which are not related, i.e. themselves are obtained from different plants. Further, these two plants are pollinated (for this, a squirrel brush is used). Subsequently, a berry is formed in the place of the flower, in which the seeds ripen.

Growing problems

Despite the fact that Echinopsis are rather unpretentious cacti, they still need to be given enough attention. Lack of lighting leads them to elongation and thinning of the stem, as a result of which constrictions spoiling the appearance are formed on the plant. On the contrary, if after winter Echinopsis is suddenly exposed to the sun, burns may appear.

If a rusty coating has appeared on the skin of Echinopsis, mainly in the apex area, then most likely this is a lesion with a red tick. Echinopsis are also susceptible to attack by scale insects and scale insects.

See also section Cacti

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