Houseplant Care

Houseplant Care
Houseplant Care
Video: Houseplant Care
Video: УХОД ЗА КОМНАТНЫМИ РАСТЕНИЯМИ ДЛЯ НАЧИНАЮЩИХ + печатная инструкция 2023, February
Anonim
temperature to flowers
temperature to flowers

Temperature regime of plants

Heat as well as light, moisture, air, nutrients is one of the basic conditions for plant life. Plant growth accelerates with increasing temperature, and slows down with decreasing temperature. But this, as a rule, is in the range from 12 ° C to 32 ° C, at higher or lower temperatures, plant growth slows down or stops …

lighting plants
lighting plants

Lighting for plants

Before purchasing a plant, you need to know the light conditions it needs. The amount of light in rooms depends on the size of the windows and their location. It is most beneficial to have windows facing south-east and south-west. Plants on such windows will be illuminated in the morning and almost all day. South-facing windows are better lit in winter, but windows get very hot in spring and summer, so it's best to shade them at noon. The windows facing west and east are illuminated almost equally, only at different times of the day and practically do not require shading.

artificial lighting
artificial lighting

Artificial lighting of plants

The difference in illumination between summer and winter is so great that there is not enough natural light for plants. If in the summer the plants had to be shaded from the hot midday sun with a tulle curtain, then with the onset of autumn it is necessary to rearrange the plants as close as possible to the light, move those plants that stood near the window to the windowsill, those that stood in the center of the room, place them closer to the window. Moreover, if in the summer only plants that carry the sun could be on the sill of the southern window, then in winter almost all plants can be placed on the windowsill of the same southern window, since the autumn and winter sun does not often indulge in its appearance. Shading is needed only on especially sunny days …

indoor greenhouse
indoor greenhouse

Indoor greenhouses

It just so happens that many of the indoor plants that we so desire to have are not adapted to the living conditions. Too dry air, temperature fluctuations, possible draft, etc. interfere with growing them. However, the required conditions can be obtained by creating a room greenhouse or terrarium. A greenhouse will also be needed for rooting cuttings and growing plants from seeds …

watering plants
watering plants

Watering indoor plants

The need for plants in water is determined by their specific features: the structure of the aboveground organs, the power of the root system, etc. For example, plants with succulent, fleshy leaves (such as agave, aloe, etc.) require less water than plants with large leaves, which sometimes need to be watered twice a day. Excess moisture is harmful to bulbous plants. It is best to water them, directing the stream of water not to the onion, but closer to the walls of the pot, or water from the pallet …

watering plants
watering plants

Abundant watering

The looser and lighter the substrate, the faster it dries. For example, leafy or peaty soil dries out twice (approximately!) Faster than clay or garden soil (with a large dose of sand, clay and humus). The soil in the pot dries out much faster if almost all the space is filled with roots, and much longer if the pot is large, there is a lot of free soil. The drainage holes at the bottom of the pot also play a role - excess water drains into them. But if the soil is heavy, clayey, then no drainage holes will speed up its drying! The higher the temperature in the room and the lower the humidity, the faster the soil in the pots dries out …

watering plants
watering plants

Reanimation of flooded plants

How can we understand that we have a plant suffering from waterlogging? Falling leaves is one of the symptoms. In a number of plants, such as citrus fruits, they literally fall off - they darken and fall off. In others, for example, in aroids (aglaonema, dieffenbachia) or arrowroot, they darken, but they still hold on to the stems for a long time. In plants that form rosettes of leaves or pseudo rosettes (yucca, dracaena), the leaves do not darken immediately, but at first they become discolored, becoming pale yellow. But in other cases, the characteristic difference between leaves that die from waterlogging is leaf darkening. The leaf does not just turn yellow, it just darkens, the color turns from a healthy juicy green muddy-bog shade, gradually turns into brown. If overmoistening was preceded by overdrying, then the leaf first turns yellow, then the leaf petiole and the leaf itself darken …

flower feeding
flower feeding

Top dressing with fertilizers

Nutrients are found in the soil in the form of mineral and organic compounds. Plant nutrients are obtained from the soil in dissolved form through the root system. However, it is possible to provide plants with nutrients to a certain extent through the leaves (foliar feeding). We will tell you about the most important macro- and microelements, what is their deficiency and excess …

plant feeding
plant feeding

How, what and when to feed plants

First of all, you need to decide whether there are signs of a general complete starvation of the plant, when it has not been transplanted or fed for a very long time, or there are signs of a lack of only one element. Based on this, in the first case, the plant simply needs to be transplanted. If this moment falls on the spring-summer time, then three to four weeks after transplanting, you can start feeding with complex fertilizer for this type of plants …

fertilizers
fertilizers

Mineral fertilizers for flowers

Mineral fertilizers are a complex of inorganic compounds in the form of mineral salts, which are nutrients for plants. Mineral fertilizers, depending on the composition, are simple and complex. Simple (or unilateral fertilizers) contain only one element (phosphorus, nitrogen or potassium). Complex fertilizers contain at least three main nutrients: nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, and often also trace elements (boron, manganese, copper, etc.) …

plants do not bloom
plants do not bloom

Why plants don't bloom

Most often this is a lack of lighting, and not necessarily direct sunlight (not all plants tolerate them), but bright diffused light. Almost all flowering plants need good lighting, not many plants bloom on the northern windows, and even more so in a semi-dark room. But many plants bloom beautifully under artificial light, especially with fluorescent lamps. Even if there is no natural light at all, but artificial lighting is properly organized, the plants will grow and can bloom well. Therefore, if the plant does not bloom, first of all, you need to think about whether it has enough light. You should also take into account the length of daylight hours, usually at least 10-12 hours …

Dormant period of plants
Dormant period of plants

Dormant period of plants

For some reason, many believe that the dormant period of indoor plants is associated only with a decrease in temperature, and if it is warm in the apartment in winter, then the plants do not rest. And besides temperature, there are factors such as light, nutrition, etc.

In fact, quite a few problems, diseases and even plant death occur in the winter months, when there should be a forced or mandatory period of rest …

Fresh air
Fresh air

Fresh air

Plants need oxygen to breathe. In the process of respiration, organic matter created during photosynthesis decays. Plant respiration occurs constantly, regardless of the time of day. Breathing produces carbon dioxide, water, and some energy. The respiration process is characteristic of all parts of the plant, however, to varying degrees. For example, flowers breathe more than leaves, and leaves more than stems …

houseplant transplant
houseplant transplant

Transplanting indoor plants

Under natural conditions, the root system of plants occupies a large space. In a pot culture, the plant is forced to develop its root system in a small soil volume. Therefore, this soil usually needs to be especially nutritious. One of the conditions for growing indoor plants is the ability to make the necessary soil mixture.

Houseplants do not grow equally in alkaline or acidic soils. Some plants require slightly acidic soils; others prefer acidic soils; still others grow well on slightly alkaline, neutral or slightly acidic soils; the fourth only on alkaline soils.

There are plants that require large amounts of lime in the soil (heliotrope, calceolaria). On the contrary, an excess of lime acts extremely unfavorably on azaleas, heather, camellias …

Soil for plants
Soil for plants

Soil for plants

A very controversial question, which soil is better - purchased or home-made, peat in the soil - is it good or bad, why do plants grow better on some mixtures containing peat, on others - do they die? Is it convenient to grow plants on a hydrogel and why is pH so important. These and other questions are addressed in this overview article …

humidity in the apartment
humidity in the apartment

Air humidity

It is very important to maintain the air humidity necessary for the plant in the room. Some plants, such as asparagus, will never flower in a dry room, even if watered as required. Too low air humidity causes the shoots and buds to fall off, slows down the growth of the plant.

The humidity in the room can be maintained in different ways. First of all, this is spraying. During the growing season, most plants are sprayed daily in the morning and evening. Do not spray the plant in the sun, as you can burn the leaves. Carefully spray or do not spray at all (other methods of humidifying the air are used) plants with stem-embracing leaves (stagnant water can cause decay), plants with velvety leaves (gloxinia, violets) …

crown formation
crown formation

Formation of appearance

Very often you can observe the following picture (for example, cissus): rhomboid cissus is placed in the center of a room with a southern window, in spring and summer there is a bright diffused light in the room, the plant feels great. In autumn, sunny days are very rare, the daylight hours are short and the leaves of cissus begin to turn yellow or brown and dry out, despite the fact that there is still a window in the room to the south. By winter, the plant will lose half of its leaves, and by spring it will become bald. A person who is not versed in indoor plant growing will sin on the lack of watering, and God forbid, he will flood it, but in fact, all that was needed was to put the plant on the window sill or place a fluorescent lamp next to it. If you say - what does the formation of appearance have to do with it, then I will answer you,that in some way the formation of the appearance is the result of the care and maintenance of the plant …

autowatering
autowatering

How to water flowers when you go on vacation

Probably everyone had to leave home for a while, leaving flowers and even animals. During our absence, we worry about our pets - how can they be without supervision. Everyone is looking for their own way out of the situation, depending on the timing of a business trip or vacation. Someone will leave the keys to the apartment to a neighbor or relatives, with an order to water on time, but many do not have this opportunity or simply do not trust an inexperienced person in such a sensitive issue …

dry air
dry air

Mistakes when caring for plants

Lack of light, lack of fresh air, excessive dryness, draft, sudden temperature drop, dry soil or excessive watering, lack or excess of nutrients - all this leads to oppression of plants, causes not only their painful state, but also creates favorable conditions for pests and plant diseases.

Very often, mainly from novice florists, you can hear the question: "I don't know what causes a flower to die, what should I do?" If it is completely unclear what the matter is, then it is necessary to understand in order. Plants usually wither for one of three reasons: waterlogging of the soil, dryness of the soil, damage by pests or diseases …

Flowers on the balcony
Flowers on the balcony

Indoor flowers on the balcony

Almost all indoor flowers can be exhibited outdoors in the spring and summer, but you should always remember the specific temperature requirements of plants. Daily temperature fluctuations, even 15-20 ° C, are not terrible for many tropical flowers, if the plant gets used to them gradually. But the lower boundaries of the temperature corridor, for most of them, are + 10-12 ° C, therefore, indoor flowers can be taken out on an open balcony only when the weather is warm in summer, from about May 20. It is better to bring them into the apartment until June at night, because weather forecasts are not always accurate, and spring winds are always cold …

Pot selection
Pot selection

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

The section contains articles consisting of the most frequently asked questions of growing the most popular indoor flowers: crotone, azaleas, adenium, hoyah, ficus, dracaena, dieffenbachia and other plants, as well as the use of phytohormones in floriculture …

hydroponics
hydroponics

Hydroponics method

For growing plants in hydroponics, a substrate of fine expanded clay is usually used, since it has the best water-holding ability. You can also use vermiculite and perlite. However, in the pores of expanded clay, salts accumulate over time, depressing plants. There are substrates made of granular polyethylene or glass. Of great interest are studies with substrates made of ion-exchange materials, which can be charged with ions of substances necessary for plants, capable of passing into solution as they are absorbed by the roots …

solution for hydroponics
solution for hydroponics

Hydroponic systems

The name "Hydroponics" comes from the Latin language and means "Working Water".

Many people think of hydroponics as growing plants with roots placed directly in water without a substrate. These are just one of the types of hydroponic gardening known as the Nutrient Film Technique (NFT). There are several varieties of NFT hydroponics in use all over the world and it is a very popular method for growing indoor plants. What types of hydroponic systems are …

Fertilizers for hydroponics
Fertilizers for hydroponics

Fertilizers for hydroponics

Any nutrient solution for hydroponic plants must contain all the necessary nutrients. Therefore, fertilizers for hydroponic crops in their composition contain not only salts of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, but also iron, boron, manganese, zinc, copper, etc. Indoor plants have several phases of the development cycle. In the spring - the growing season, leaf growth, flowering plants then begin the budding phase, and then flowering, in the fall with a decrease in daylight hours and a decrease in temperatures, a more or less pronounced period of rest begins. At all stages of plant development, a different amount of certain macro- and microelements is required …

lunar calendar florist
lunar calendar florist

Florist lunar calendar

How to care for flowers and houseplants according to the lunar calendar.

The moon has a gravitational effect on the earth. Astrologers suggest that it also affects the growth of plants, garden and indoor. This section contains calendars by month: when is the time to sow and plant, weed and feed, and when you need to refrain and just read information on growing, leaf through catalogs, clean up the shelves, etc.

You can share your opinion or observations about the influence of the Moon on plant cultivation on the forum: Lunar calendar of a florist and gardener.

Popular by topic