Types Of Hippeastrum On The Letters RY

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Types Of Hippeastrum On The Letters RY
Types Of Hippeastrum On The Letters RY
Video: Types Of Hippeastrum On The Letters RY
Video: Hippeastrum/Amaryllis varieties and types. 2023, February
Anonim
Hippeastrum reginae
Hippeastrum reginae

Hippeastrum reginae Hippeastrum royal

Synonyms: Amaryllis albertii (Lem.), Amaryllis reginae L., Amaryllis reginae var. albertii ((Lem.) Traub), Amaryllis spectabilis (Lodd.), Amaryllis striata var. fulgida ((Ker Gawl.) Traub & Moldenke), Aschamia reginae ((L.) Salisb.), Hippeastrum africanum (Welw.ex Baker.), Hippeastrum fulgidum (Herb.), Hippeastrum pronum (K. Koch), Hippeastrum pulverulentum (Herb.), Hippeastrum regium (Herb.), Hippeastrum spectabile (M. Roem.), Hippeastrum stenopetalum (A. Dietr.), Lais fulgida ((Herb.) Salisb.).

The species was included in the classification in 1728.

Habitat: Mexico City, Brazil, Peru, East Andes, East Africa.

Description: Plant with a height of 30-50 cm. The bulb is rounded, with a short neck, 5-8 cm in diameter. Leaves are linear-lanceolate, 60 cm long and 3.5-4 cm wide. In the middle, tapering to 1.5 cm at the base (appear after flowering). Peduncle with 2-4 flowers. Bracts 5-7.5 cm, pedicels 5-7.5 cm. Perianth horizontal or drooping, funnel-shaped, 10-14 cm long, bright red, whitish-green star-shaped pattern in the pharynx. Perianth tube length 1.3 cm. Petals obovate, pointed, 2.5-3 cm wide in the middle. It blooms in winter and spring.

There are many Hippeastrum reginae hybrids in culture: Hippeastrum x gravine Melazzo - with glossy red flowers; Hippeastrum x spectabilis Lodd., Hx jonsonii Bury (obtained by crossing Hippeastrum reginae x Hippeastrum vittatum), which are widespread in the gardens of tropical countries.

Hippeastrum reginae

Hippeastrum reticulatum var. striatifolium Bak
Hippeastrum reticulatum var. striatifolium Bak

Hippeastrum reticulatum Hippeastrum reticular

Synonyms: Amaryllis agatha (Steud.), Amaryllis caroliniae (Sterler), Amaryllis praeclara (Sweet), Amaryllis princeps (Vell.), Amaryllis principis (Salm-Dyck), Amaryllis reticulata (L \ 'Her.), Amaryllis reticulata var. striatifolia (Herb.), Amaryllis rutila var. latifolia (Mart.), Amaryllis striatifolia ((Herb.) Sweet), Amaryllis sweetii (Herb.ex Sweet), Callicore reticulata ((L \ 'Her.) Link), Coburgia reticulata ((L \' Her.) Herb.), Coburgia striatifolia ((Herb.) Herb.), Eusarcops reticulata ((L \ 'Her.) Raf.), Hippeastrum reticulatum var. striatifolium ((Herb.) Herb.), Hippeastrum striatifolium (Herb.), Leopoldia principis ((Vell.) M. Roem.), Leopoldia reticulata ((L \ 'Her.) Herb.), Leopoldia striatifolia ((Herb.) Herb.)

The species was included in the classification in 1777.

Habitat: grows in the forests of southern and eastern Brazil.

Description: a plant with a height of 30 - 50 cm. The bulb is round, small, with a short neck. Leaves are green, lanceolate, with a rounded apex, often in the amount of 4 - 6 pieces, 30 cm long and 5 cm wide, tapering towards the base. The peduncle bears 3 - 5 flowers. Bracts are 5 cm long, pedicels are 2.5-4.5 cm. The perianth is funnel-shaped, slightly drooping, 8-11 cm long. The perianth tube is short, 1.3-2.5 cm long. The petals are obovate, claw-shaped, 2.5 cm wide in the middle, mallow red, with a dark crimson mesh pattern. Flowering begins in autumn and lasts until December.

Slow growing species.

Hippeastrum reticulatum var. striatifolium Bak. - a variety of Hippeastrum reticulatum. The leaves are dark green with a central white stripe. The flowers are large, pinkish-red with a mesh pattern, fragrant. The pollen is milky white. Seeds are bulbous, black. Pedicels and ovaries are pink-red.

There is a Hippeastrum reticulatum var. striatifolium 'Silhouette'

Hippeastrum reticulatum var. striatifolium Mrs. Garfield is a variety of Hippeastrum reticulatum. The leaves are light green, with a central white stripe, up to 40 cm long. The flowers are pale pink with a mesh pattern. The edge of the petals is slightly wavy. Pedicels and ovaries are green with a yellow tint.

Comment by Faust:

There are no pure Hippeastrum reticulatum var. striatifolium … at least I haven't seen it. Distinguish Hippeastrum reticulatum var. striatifolium from Hippeastrum reticulatum var. striatifolium Mrs. Garfield is simple. Hippeastrum reticulatum var. striatifolium is a miniature species with an unusually slow growth. And their flowers are different, if you see it you can't confuse it. My hippeastrum calipratum gave 10 leaves over the same period of time Hippeastrum reticulatum var. striatifolium only produces a third leaf.

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Hippeastrum roseum

Synonyms: Amaryllis barlowii (Traub & Moldenke), Amaryllis rosea ((Sweet) Traub & Uphof), Habranthus pumilus (Lodd.), Habranthus roseus (Sweet), Rhodophiala rosea ((Sweet) Traub), Zephyranthes purpurea Phil.

The species was included in the classification in 1840.

Habitat: Chile.

Description: The bulb is ovoid, with a short neck, about 2.5 cm in diameter. The upper scales are dark brown. The leaves are long, narrow, grayish green. Leaf length 30 cm, width 0.5 cm. Flower arrow about 20 cm. High. 1-2 flowers are formed on the peduncle. Bracts 2.5-3.5 cm, pedicels 2-3 cm. Perianth funnel-shaped, almost horizontal. The perianth tube is greenish, short, about 5 cm. Flowers are from pink to bright red. Blooms in late summer.

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Hippeastrum santacatarina

Synonyms: Amaryllis santacatarina (Traub)

Habitat: State of Santa Catarina.

Description: plant up to 60 cm high. Flowers are red, small (about 10 cm in diameter) with a white star in the throat. The petals are sharply pointed at the tips.

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Hippeastrum striatum Hippeastrum reddish

Synonyms: Amaryllis acuminata (Ker Gawl.), Amaryllis acuminata var. longipedunculata (Lindl.), Amaryllis bahiensis DC., Amaryllis crocata (Ker Gawl.), Amaryllis fulgida (Ker Gawl.), Amaryllis miniata (Ker Gawl.), Amaryllis pulverulenta (Lodd.), Amaryllis rutila (Ker Gawl.) Amaryllis rutilans (Lodd. Ex Steud.), Amaryllis striata (Lam.), Amaryllis striata var. acuminata ((Ker Gawl.) Traub & Moldenke), Amaryllis striata var. crocata ((Ker Gawl.) Traub & Moldenke), Amaryllis subbarbata ((Herb.) Sweet), Callicore crocata ((Ker Gawl.) Link), Callicore rutila ((Ker Gawl.) Link), Hippeastrum acuminatum (M. Roem.), Hippeastrum bahiense ((DC.) M. Roem.), Hippeastrum brasiliense (M. Roem.), Hippeastrum bulbulosum (Herb.), Hippeastrum bulbulosum var. acuminatum ((Ker Gawl.) Herb.), Hippeastrum bulbulosum var. crocatum ((Ker Gawl.) Herb.),Hippeastrum bulbulosum var. equestriforme (Herb.), Hippeastrum bulbulosum var. fulgidum ((Ker Gawl.) Herb.), Hippeastrum bulbulosum var. ignescens (Herb.), Hippeastrum bulbulosum var. pallidum (Herb.), Hippeastrum bulbulosum var. pulverulentum ((Lodd.) Herb.), Hippeastrum bulbulosum var. rutilum ((Ker Gawl.) Herb.), Hippeastrum bulbulosum var. simsianum (Herb.), Hippeastrum bulbulosum var. subbarbatum ((Herb.) Herb.), Hippeastrum crocatum ((Ker Gawl.) Herb.), Hippeastrum latifolium (M. Roem.), Hippeastrum martianum (M. Roem.), Hippeastrum proliferum (Herb.), Hippeastrum rutilum ((Ker Gawl.) Herb.), Hippeastrum rutilum var. acuminatum ((Ker Gawl.) Voss), Hippeastrum rutilum var. citrinum (Baker), Hippeastrum rutilum var. crocatum ((Ker Gawl.) Voss), Hippeastrum rutilum var. fulgidum ((Ker Gawl.) Voss), Hippeastrum rutilum var. fulgidum (Sprenger),Hippeastrum simsianum (Herb.), Hippeastrum subbarbatum (Herb.), Hippeastrum unguiculatum (M. Roem.), Lais crocata ((Ker Gawl.) Salisb.)

The species was included in the classification in 1783.

Habitat: grows in the moist, shady forests of southern Brazil.

Description: plants 30-60 cm high. The bulb is round, 5-9 cm in diameter, with a short neck and pale outer scales. Leaves 30-40 cm long and 4-5 cm wide, light green. Peduncle grayish-green, 30 cm long, flattened, with 2-6 flowers. The perianth is horizontal or drooping, bright red, scarlet or orange with a creamy star in the throat, 7-12 cm in diameter. The perianth tube is greenish, 2 cm long. The petals are 2-2.5 cm wide in the middle, pointed. Inner petals, tapering at the bottom, with a green keel to half the petal. Bracts 3-6.5 cm long, pedicels 3-6 cm long.

It blooms in winter and spring.

There are several varieties, of which the following are best known:

Hippeastrum striatum var. acuminatum - leaves are belt-like - lanceolate, 30 - 60 cm long, 3.5 - 5 cm wide, covered with whitish top, and dark red bloom at the base. Peduncle 50 to 90 cm high, rounded, with 4 to 6 flowers (sometimes 2 peduncles develop). The flowers are larger than those of H. striatum, yellowish-red, with a yellowish-green star-shaped pattern at the base.

Hippeastrum striatum var. Citrinu - lemon yellow flowers.

Hippeastrum striatum var. Crocatum Orange-yellow flowers.

Hippeastrum striatum var. Fulgidum - large bulbs, 7-11 cm in diameter (forms daughter bulbs, which mainly reproduce). The leaves are slightly wider than those of H. striatum. The perianth is red-orange, 10-14 cm long, petals are ovoid, 8-11 cm long, scarlet, with a green keel in the lower part. Outer petals 2.5-3 cm wide; internal 1.5-2 cm wide at the bottom.

Hippeastrum striatum var. Petiolatum (sin.flamigerum) - small flowers, about 5 cm in diameter.

Hippeastrum striatum var. Rutilum - bright crimson flowers with a green throat.

  • Hippeastrum striatum 'Biritiba Ussu'
  • Hippeastrum striatum var. 'Saltro'

Elena Shcherbakova: Hippeastrum striatum 'Saltgo' MP 13135 from Mauro Peixoto from Brazil, grown from seed.

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Now it has already grown up and with the next watering in a pot, children were found right on the surface, crawling out from under the scales of the mother's onion to the surface and already covered with dark scales with a formed miniature bottom and even a leaf that had turned up! They look like lily bulbs! This is the first time I've seen this, and I haven't seen a single photo of such kidding on the net. After the photo session, I put the children with their mother and, when separating the upper scales at the very neck of an adult bow, I found another child that had already crawled out almost to the surface.

  • Hippeastrum striatum var. 'Cardoso Moreira'
  • Hippeastrum striatum (Saltro x Petiolatum)
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Hippeastrum stylosum Hippeastrum columnar

Synonyms: Amaryllis fosteri (Traub), Amaryllis maranensis (Ker Gawl.), Amaryllis muesseriana ((Linden) Traub & Uphof), Amaryllis staminea (Seub.), Amaryllis stilosa (Bury), Amaryllis stylosa ((Herb.) Sweet), Hippeastrum fosteri ((Traub) HEMoore), Hippeastrum muesserianum (Linden).

The species was included in the classification in 1821

Habitat: Brazil.

Description: The bulb is round, about 7 cm in diameter, with a short neck, covered with light scales. Leaves in the amount of 6 - 8 pieces appear together with a peduncle, bright green, up to 5 cm wide. Peduncle up to 60 cm high, carries an umbrella of 3-8 salmon flowers with pink-brown veins. Perianth segments are oblong-pointed.

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Hippeastrum teyucuarense

Synonyms: Amaryllis teyucuarensis (Ravenna), Hippeastrum teyucuarense ((Ravenna) Van Scheepen).

Habitat: Argentina.

Description: zygomorphic flowers with a reticulated red pattern on a bright green background. There's a bright green star in my throat. Petals are oblong, pointed, the lower petal is the shortest.

Hippeastrum traubii forma doraniae
Hippeastrum traubii forma doraniae

Hippeastrum traubii

Synonyms: Amaryllis traubii (Moldenke), Amaryllis traubii forma doraniana (Moldenke)

Habitat: Peru.

Description: a beautiful, evergreen bulbous plant, up to 25 cm high. On a peduncle, usually up to 4 bright pink flowers with a greenish-white throat. Flowering in early spring.

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Hippeastrum vittatum Hippeastrum striped

Synonyms: Amaryllis lineata (Colla), Amaryllis superba (Bury), Amaryllis vittata (L \ 'Her.), Amaryllis vittata subsp. guarapuavae (Ravenna), Amaryllis vittata var. harrisoniae (Lindl.), Amaryllis vittata var. major (Lindl.), Amaryllis vittata var. tweediana ((Herb.) Traub), Chonais vittata ((L \ 'Her.) Salisb.), Hippeastrum ambiguum var. tweedianum (Herb.), Hippeastrum vittatum var. harrisonianum (Herb.), Hippeastrum vittatum var. latifolium (Herb.)

The species was included in the classification in 1769.

Habitat: Brazil, Peru. Grows in forests on the rocky slopes of the Peruvian Andes.

Description: plant 50-100 cm high.Round bulbs, 5-8 cm in diameter. Leaves are bright green, oblong, 45-60 cm long, 2.5-3.5 cm wide. Peduncle 60-100 cm high. Umbrella with 2-6 flowers, bracts about 7.5 cm, pedicels about 7.5 cm. Perianth 10-17 cm long, slightly drooping, funnel-shaped, white with red stripes. Perianth tube 2.5 cm. Petals oblong-ovate, pointed at the apex, 2.5-4 cm wide, white at the edges, with a median keel in lilac-red stripes and a white stripe in the center.

Interesting: in 1790. When Hippeastrum vittatum and Hippeastrum reginae were crossed, the famous hybrid Hippeastrum x johnsonii was obtained.

Hippeastrum vittatum

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Hippeastrum yungacensis

Synonyms: Amaryllis yungacensis (Cardenas & ISNelson).

Habitat: Bolivia.

Hippeastrum yungacensis

Conclusion:

Not all types of hippeastrum are described in the article. Some of the hippeastrum species, as studied by botanists, have been attributed to other genera, such as Habranthus, Sprekelia, Zephyranthes, etc.

Unfortunately, there is very little information about many species, and many species are endangered.

Species hippeastrum cannot be found in industrial, commercial sale. They are grown by foreign farms that are engaged in the preservation of rare botanical species.

The following sources were used to compile the article:

  1. "Hippeatrum" Y. Rogachev
  2. "Bulbs" by John E. Bryan, FI HORT.
  3. "Hippeastrum: The Gardener's Amaryllis" Veronica M. Read
  4. "Bulbs for warms climate" Thad M. Howard
  5. "The European garden flora" Cambrige University Press
  6. "Garden Bulbs for the South" Scott Ogden
  7. //www.amaryllidaceae.org/Hippeastrum/index.htm#aul
  8. //www.shieldsgardens.com/amaryllids/hippeastrum.html

Authors-compilers: Elena Talantova, Irina Migalkina

The article used experience from the forum from Faust

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