Reproduction Of Indoor Plants

Reproduction Of Indoor Plants
Reproduction Of Indoor Plants
Video: Reproduction Of Indoor Plants
Video: Разведение растений для начинающих » 5 комнатных растений 2023, February
Anonim
seed propagation
seed propagation

Plant propagation by seeds

It is not a problem to purchase seeds of indoor plants now. In flower or garden shops they sell lung seeds in the culture of asparagus, some palms, begonias, strelitzia, gloxinia, etc. If you want to purchase seeds of rarer plants, you can do this through the online store or by ordering on the forum. It is very important to think about whether you can provide the necessary conditions for the plant, its special requirements. For example, Strelitzia is a beautiful plant, but it needs a lot of space and light. Also, always pay attention to the sowing dates (for example, it is better to sow cyclamens in the fall) and the expiration dates of the seeds …

propagation by cuttings
propagation by cuttings

Plant propagation by cuttings

Most plants propagate by cuttings taken from the upper parts of the shoots mainly in the spring and summer, some plants easily propagate by cuttings at any time of the year. You can put the cuttings for rooting in plain water (preferably boiled), while it is better to use dark glass dishes, for example, a beer bottle, if the cuttings pass freely into the neck. Or a glass jar wrapped in paper, so the water in the container will not bloom. If the walls of the vessel are covered with blue-green algae, the stem of the cutting is also often silted up and does not give roots …

leaf propagation
leaf propagation

Plant propagation by leaves

This method is typical for Saintpaulias, Gloxinias, small-leaved peperomia and some types of begonias. To do this, take an adult healthy leaf taken from the base of the plant. The length of the petiole to be left will depend on where you will root it.

So when rooting Saintpaulia in water, a petiole of about 3-4 cm is left near the leaf. And when rooting in the ground - no more than 1 cm. The tip of the petiole is cut strictly across with a sharp knife, dipped in a phytohormone solution (see phytohormones). The stalk is placed in a recess previously made in the soil, so that the underside of the leaf faces the wall of the pot. The leaf itself should not touch the soil, but rise above it. Then the pot is covered with a jar to increase air humidity and must be ventilated twice a day …

air vent
air vent

Plant propagation by layering

There are two options for plant propagation by layering. Each consists in the fact that the new plant gets its own roots, not cut off from the mother plant (otherwise it will be cuttings). While the cuttings are taking root, the mother plant provides them with nutrients.

The first method consists in deflecting and bending the lateral shoot from the bush to the ground, and re-rooting it. Those. if the bush has flexible or herbaceous shoots, one of them can be bent to the ground in the same pot or put the pot next to it. Pin the cut to the ground with a paper clip or press it with a pebble, do not cut off the mother plant until roots are formed. Under the influence of soil moisture and stagnation of sap flow, due to the bending of the shoots, they take root …

reproduction by division
reproduction by division

Reproduction of plants by division (bush, tubers) and children

The method of reproduction of plants by division is to divide the bush. This method is typical for plants growing well in width (aspidistra, clivia, calla, cyperus, arrowroot, agapanthus, asparagus, ferns, passionflower, pineapple, etc.). When transplanting in spring, these plants, taken out of the pot, are divided in half or into more parts. To do this, use a well-sharpened knife. Each of the parts should have a small number of roots and growth buds. Plants that reproduce mainly by dividing the bush, as a rule, have one feature - they like cramped dishes. So, if an aglaonema or sansevieria is planted in a pot that is too large, the above-ground part of the plant will not grow for a long time. In this inhibited state, the flower can survive for about a year …

azalea cut
azalea cut

Propagation of azaleas by cuttings

Svetlana Larsen (svph) shares her experience gained from her own mistakes. I quote verbatim, so as not to miss a grain of important information:

So, there is one secret in the grafting of rhododendrons, which for some reason is very rarely mentioned in the literature. Perhaps because so far only specialists are engaged in this. I was told about these features by a girl from Riga who wrote a thesis on propagation of wild and varietal rhododendrons, and then an American at the international flower forum. The approach is somewhat different, but the meaning is the same …

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