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Asparagus family. Homeland tropical Asia and Africa. There are about 60 species in the genus. Sansevieria is a wonderful, unpretentious houseplant that is suitable for growing as a single plant and for composing compositions. The big advantage of sansevieria among other indoor plants is that it tolerates shading (varieties with light stripes are more light-loving) and grows very well in compositions, both with other succulents and with ordinary indoor plants.
Sansevieria trifasciata 'Golden Hahnii'
Sansevieria trifasciata 'Hahnii'
Sansevieria trifasciata 'Moonshine'
The most common in the culture of Sansevieria is the three-lane Sansevieria trifasciata - it has fleshy succulent leaves, in different varieties reaching from 30 to 100 cm. In the original species, the leaves are pure green with weakly expressed transverse stripes. On the basis of it, many varieties were bred, differing in color and stripe size, as well as in the compactness or tallness of the bush. Some varieties have a distinct funnel-shaped rosette of leaves, others do not, the bush consists of densely sitting and growing strictly upright leaves. Compositions of several varieties of sansevieria are very effective.
Features of care, as well as for all other succulents, in short, it is careful watering, loose drained land and enough light.
Sansevieria trifasciata 'Laurentii'
Temperature: In summer, normal room temperature, in winter, cool, optimally 14-16 ° C, at least 10 ° C. But with sufficient lighting, sansevieria feels good in winter and at normal temperatures (24-26 ° C).
Lighting: The plant is light-requiring, prefers bright diffused light, tolerates light partial shade, variegated varieties are more photophilous and respond well to direct sunlight. In winter, you need a bright room. A place on the east or west window works well. The south window may need shading in the summer during the hottest hours. Sansevieria will also grow on the northern window, but the sun is needed for the leaves to play with all the variegation and brightness of shades.
Watering: Moderate from spring to autumn - the soil should have time to dry well before the next watering. In winter, watering is limited, about once every two to three weeks, depending on the temperature of the content. When watering, especially in winter, do not allow water to enter the center of the outlet - this can cause rotting. With regard to sansevieria, the rule applies: "it is better to underfill than to pour."
During the growth period, fertilizing is carried out using liquid fertilizer for indoor plants, feeding is carried out no more than once a month, and the dose is half that for ordinary flowers. Full dosage of cactus fertilizer can be used.
Air humidity: Spraying is not required, but leaves are wiped from dust.
Transplant: Sansevieria is transplanted when the pot becomes cramped - after about two years, young plants, after three years old. Since the roots of sansevieria grow more in width, the pot for it should not be too deep, but wide. An example of soil for planting: 2 parts of turf, 1 part of leafy soil and 1 part of fine gravel. Drainage at the bottom of the pot can be made from polystyrene, expanded clay, crushed shards of coconut shells. Sansevieria grows equally well in clay and plastic pots.
Reproduction: Lateral shoots in spring, as well as leaf and part of the leaf. For propagation, an old strong leaf is taken with a part of the leaf, which can be cut into pieces 4-5 cm long and dried a little in the air. Then the leaf is planted with its lower end in sand or wet vermiculite. After rooting, you can transplant it into a pot of soil. It takes about two weeks to grow the roots. This is the only period when uniformly moist soil is needed without drying out.
- The main problem with such an unpretentious plant is rot from increased watering. If the soil dries for a very long time, and this may be due to the fact that it is too dense and heavy, or there are few drainage holes, then the roots or stems begin to rot. Waterlogging is especially dangerous in conditions of low temperatures and shade. In addition to rot, spots may appear on the leaves. To avoid such problems, make the soil looser, water as it dries, at least to the middle of the depth of the pot.
- Another problem is related to the opinion that sansevieria is very shade-tolerant, which means that it can grow in the darkest corner. Yes, sansevier, especially varieties without yellow or cream spots, tolerates shade quite tolerably, but only a little. At the same time, it grows slowly, forms very rare and elongated rosettes, or loose bushes. In a word, it is not very decorative.
Sansevieria Pests: Sansevieria is quite resistant to most pests. It is practically not touched by a tick, but mealybugs may appear. These pests are similar to shaggy white bugs, usually come from purchased land, accumulate, forming colonies, at the base of the leaves. It is necessary to deal with them like this: mechanically remove the pests with a cotton swab or a cotton swab dipped in alcohol. Then water the soil with systemic insecticide actara or confidor.