Table of contents:
More than 70 species are known in the Phalaenopsis genus. All of them are monopodial type orchids, with a strongly shortened stem and wide leathery leaves. A full-grown plant has 4-6 leaves, they are evergreen, but they gradually age, turn yellow and die off, new ones grow to replace them. The size of the leaves, as well as flowers, varies in different species - the length of the leaf ranges from 5 cm in miniature phalaenopsis, to 30 cm in large-leaved species. Peduncles are axillary, long, the abundance of branching depends on the quality of care, under favorable conditions, the peduncles branch abundantly and bear many flowers. The phalaenopsis flower resembles a butterfly in shape, in different species the flowers are larger or smaller, with more rounded petals or elongated, pointed ones, but in general, the shape of the butterfly is always traced. The aroma of the flowers can be pronounced or absent.
By the way, in the classification of orchids, Phalaenopsis refers to the subtribe Aeridinae, which translates from Latin as 'airy' or 'reaching up to the sky', which obviously characterizes the orchid's lifestyle in nature - a pronounced epiphyte (or lithophyte).
- Class: Monocots
- Order: Asparagus
- Family: Orchid
- Subfamily: Epidendric
- Tribe: Vendian
- Subtribe: Aeridinae
- Genus: Phalaenopsis
The genus Phalaenopsis can be conventionally divided into two groups:
- A group of phalaenopsis with long, branched inflorescences (up to 1 m) and large, round-shaped flowers, mostly pink or white.
- A group of phalaenopsis with short peduncles, flowers of various shapes (and rounded and elongated, narrower petals), as a rule, waxy petals, of a denser structure and the brightest colors.
Systematics of the genus Phalaenopsis: includes five subgenera
|Phalaenopsis subgenus||Phalaenopsis section||
F. Chiba Ph. chibae
|Subgenus Aphyllae (leafless)||
|Subgenus Polychilos||Section Polychilos||
F. Lowe Ph. lowii
The table lists only the specific phalaenopsis, in fact, intensive cross-pollination has led to a huge number of hybrids of all sizes and variations in colors and shades of orchids. What we buy in regular flower shops are usually Phalaenopsis hybrids of the pleasant Ph. amabilis, Phalaenopsis Schiller Ph. schilleriana or Phalaenopsis Stuart Ph. stuartiana.
But orchid collectors usually boast a wider assortment, among the favorites there are a wide variety of species and hybrids. Phalaenopsis orchids can be purchased in specialized online stores, from well-known collectors, on various thematic forums and even through e-bay.
In addition to the specific phalaenopsis, various hybrids are much more widespread. The taxonomy of phalaenopsis and orchids in general periodically changes, for example, the Esmeralda section of Esmeralda includes species that previously belonged to the genus Doritis Doritis - this is Phalaenopsis Busso, Phalaenopsis the most beautiful, Phalaenopsis Rainier. At the same time, some varieties that were considered hybrids of Doritis and Phalaenopsis, the so-called Doritenopsis Doritaenopsis - abbreviated Dtps. now we can safely call Phalaenopsis, the Doritis clan does not exist. However, orchid suppliers from the Netherlands and Taiwan still offer orchids with outdated names for sale.
So, the most popular Phalaenopsis variety "Black Orchid" still has the trade name of the Dtps hybrid. Black Butterfly.
Below in the photo are some popular varieties of phalaenopsis:
Phalaenopsis "Black Orchid"
Phalaenopsis Prince Leopard "Sogo Diamond"
Phalaenopsis Prince Leopard
Phalaenopsis Prince Leopard "Sogo"
Phalaenopsis Ever-Spring Pioneer 'Champion'
Phalaenopsis Chain Xen Pearl 'KS'
Phalaenopsis Brother Glory 'Longpes Fong'
Phalaenopsis Sunrise Goldmour 'fd'
Phalaenopsis The Pride of Ben Yu 'W'
Phalaenopsis Leucadia Lava Flow 'Leucadia'
Phalaenopsis Miva Charlene Delicatesse