Phalaenopsis Orchid - Species And Varieties, Photo

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Phalaenopsis Orchid - Species And Varieties, Photo
Phalaenopsis Orchid - Species And Varieties, Photo
Video: Phalaenopsis Orchid - Species And Varieties, Photo
Video: Top 5 Phalaenopsis Orchid Hybrids worth having 2023, February
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More than 70 species are known in the Phalaenopsis genus. All of them are monopodial type orchids, with a strongly shortened stem and wide leathery leaves. A full-grown plant has 4-6 leaves, they are evergreen, but they gradually age, turn yellow and die off, new ones grow to replace them. The size of the leaves, as well as flowers, varies in different species - the length of the leaf ranges from 5 cm in miniature phalaenopsis, to 30 cm in large-leaved species. Peduncles are axillary, long, the abundance of branching depends on the quality of care, under favorable conditions, the peduncles branch abundantly and bear many flowers. The phalaenopsis flower resembles a butterfly in shape, in different species the flowers are larger or smaller, with more rounded petals or elongated, pointed ones, but in general, the shape of the butterfly is always traced. The aroma of the flowers can be pronounced or absent.

By the way, in the classification of orchids, Phalaenopsis refers to the subtribe Aeridinae, which translates from Latin as 'airy' or 'reaching up to the sky', which obviously characterizes the orchid's lifestyle in nature - a pronounced epiphyte (or lithophyte).

Phalaenopsis classification

  • Class: Monocots
  • Order: Asparagus
  • Family: Orchid
  • Subfamily: Epidendric
  • Tribe: Vendian
  • Subtribe: Aeridinae
  • Genus: Phalaenopsis

The genus Phalaenopsis can be conventionally divided into two groups:

  • A group of phalaenopsis with long, branched inflorescences (up to 1 m) and large, round-shaped flowers, mostly pink or white.
  • A group of phalaenopsis with short peduncles, flowers of various shapes (and rounded and elongated, narrower petals), as a rule, waxy petals, of a denser structure and the brightest colors.
phalaenopsis stewart
phalaenopsis stewart

Phalaenopsis Stuart

phalaenopsis pleasant
phalaenopsis pleasant

Phalaenopsis pleasant

phalaenopsis sander
phalaenopsis sander

Phalaenopsis Sandera

phalaenopsis schiller
phalaenopsis schiller

Phalaenopsis Shiller

phalaenopsis chiba
phalaenopsis chiba

Phalaenopsis Chiba

phalaenopsis busso
phalaenopsis busso

Phalaenopsis pleasant

Phalaenopsis beautiful
Phalaenopsis beautiful

Phalaenopsis beautiful

Phalaenopsis celebesky
Phalaenopsis celebesky

Phalaenopsis celebesky

Phalaenopsis species

Systematics of the genus Phalaenopsis: includes five subgenera

Phalaenopsis subgenus Phalaenopsis section
  • F. Filipino Ph. philippinensis
  • F. Stewart Ph. stuartiana
  • F. pleasant Ph. amabilis
  • F. Aphrodite Ph. aphrodite
  • F. Sander Ph. sanderiana
  • F. Schiller Ph. schilleriana
Deliciosae section

F. Chiba Ph. chibae

Esmeralda section
  • F. Bussot Ph. buyssoniana
  • F. beautiful Ph. pulcherrima
  • F. Rainier Ph. regnieriana
Stauroglottis section
  • F. celebesskiy Ph. celebensis
  • F. rider Ph. equestris Linden Phalaenopsis Ph. lindenii
Subgenus Aphyllae (leafless)
  • F. Wilson Ph. wilsonii
  • F. Stuartian Ph. stobartiana
  • F. Tanialis Ph. taenialis
  • F. Brace Ph. braceana
  • F. finley Ph. finleyi
  • F. Hainan Ph. hainanensis
  • F. honghenensis Ph. honghenensis
Subgenus Parishianae
  • F. appendiculum Ph. appendiculata
  • F. humpbacked Ph. gibbosa
  • F. Lobba Ph. Lobbii
  • F. Parisha Ph. parishii
  • F. Malipoan Ph. malipoensis
Subgenus Polychilos Section Polychilos
  • F. antler Ph. cornu-cervi
  • F. Mann Ph. mannii
  • F. pantherina Ph. pantherina
  • F. Bornean Ph. borneensis
Fuscatae section
  • F. spoon Ph. cochlearis
  • F. green Ph. viridis
  • F. Fuscata Ph. fuscata
  • F. kunstleri Ph. kunstleri
Amboinenses section
  • F. handsome Ph. pulchra
  • F. purple Ph. violacea
  • F. bellina Ph. bellina
  • F. micholisi (?) Ph. micholitzii
  • F. fringed Ph. fimbriata
  • F. floresensis Ph. floresensis
  • F. Robinson Ph. robinsonii
  • F. giant Ph. gigantea
  • F. brown Ph. fasciata
  • F. Trust Ph. doweryensis
  • F. yellowish Ph. luteola
  • F. moderate Ph. modesta
  • F. spotted Ph. maculata
  • F. Javanese Ph. javanica
  • F. Mary Ph. mariae
  • F. Ambon Ph. amboinensis
  • F. Luddemann Ph. lueddemanniana
  • F. veiny Ph. venosa
  • F. Reichenbach Ph. reichenbachiana
  • F. pale Ph. pallens
  • F. Bastian Ph. bastianii
  • F. hieroglyphic Ph. hieroglyphica
Zebrina section
  • F. inscriptionsinensis Ph. inscriptiosinensis
  • F. lovely Ph. speciosa
  • F. tetrascript Ph. tetraspis
  • F. Corning Ph. corningiana Sumatran Phalaenopsis Ph. sumatrana
Subgenus Proboscidiodes

F. Lowe Ph. lowii

phalaenopsis wilson
phalaenopsis wilson

Phalaenopsis Wilson

phalaenopsis antler
phalaenopsis antler

Phalaenopsis antler

phalaenopsis manna
phalaenopsis manna

Phalaenopsis Manna

phalaenopsis pantherina
phalaenopsis pantherina

Phalaenopsis pantherina

phalaenopsis green
phalaenopsis green

Phalaenopsis green

phalaenopsis fuskata
phalaenopsis fuskata

Phalaenopsis fuskata

Phalaenopsis purple
Phalaenopsis purple

Phalaenopsis purple

Phalaenopsis Javanese
Phalaenopsis Javanese

Phalaenopsis Javanese

phalaenopsis ambonese
phalaenopsis ambonese

Phalaenopsis ambone

Phalaenopsis pale
Phalaenopsis pale

Phalaenopsis pale

Phalaenopsis brown
Phalaenopsis brown

Phalaenopsis brown

Phalaenopsis beautiful
Phalaenopsis beautiful

Phalaenopsis beautiful

The table lists only the specific phalaenopsis, in fact, intensive cross-pollination has led to a huge number of hybrids of all sizes and variations in colors and shades of orchids. What we buy in regular flower shops are usually Phalaenopsis hybrids of the pleasant Ph. amabilis, Phalaenopsis Schiller Ph. schilleriana or Phalaenopsis Stuart Ph. stuartiana.

But orchid collectors usually boast a wider assortment, among the favorites there are a wide variety of species and hybrids. Phalaenopsis orchids can be purchased in specialized online stores, from well-known collectors, on various thematic forums and even through e-bay.

Phalaenopsis varieties

In addition to the specific phalaenopsis, various hybrids are much more widespread. The taxonomy of phalaenopsis and orchids in general periodically changes, for example, the Esmeralda section of Esmeralda includes species that previously belonged to the genus Doritis Doritis - this is Phalaenopsis Busso, Phalaenopsis the most beautiful, Phalaenopsis Rainier. At the same time, some varieties that were considered hybrids of Doritis and Phalaenopsis, the so-called Doritenopsis Doritaenopsis - abbreviated Dtps. now we can safely call Phalaenopsis, the Doritis clan does not exist. However, orchid suppliers from the Netherlands and Taiwan still offer orchids with outdated names for sale.

So, the most popular Phalaenopsis variety "Black Orchid" still has the trade name of the Dtps hybrid. Black Butterfly.

Below in the photo are some popular varieties of phalaenopsis:

phalaenopsis black orchid
phalaenopsis black orchid

Phalaenopsis "Black Orchid"

phalaenopsis sogo diamond
phalaenopsis sogo diamond

Phalaenopsis Prince Leopard "Sogo Diamond"

phalaenopsis prince leopard
phalaenopsis prince leopard

Phalaenopsis Prince Leopard

phalaenopsis sogo
phalaenopsis sogo

Phalaenopsis Prince Leopard "Sogo"

phalaenopsis cultivar champion
phalaenopsis cultivar champion

Phalaenopsis Ever-Spring Pioneer 'Champion'

Phalaenopsis hybrid
Phalaenopsis hybrid

Phalaenopsis Chain Xen Pearl 'KS'

phalaenopsis long fong
phalaenopsis long fong

Phalaenopsis Brother Glory 'Longpes Fong'

phalaenopsis orchis
phalaenopsis orchis

Phalaenops' Chi

phalaenopsis lemon
phalaenopsis lemon

Phalaenopsis Sunrise Goldmour 'fd'

Phalaenopsis hybrid
Phalaenopsis hybrid

Phalaenopsis The Pride of Ben Yu 'W'

phalaenopsis leocadia
phalaenopsis leocadia

Phalaenopsis Leucadia Lava Flow 'Leucadia'

phalaenopsis miwa charlene delicacy
phalaenopsis miwa charlene delicacy

Phalaenopsis Miva Charlene Delicatesse

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