Table of contents:
Amaryllis family. The homeland of Rodophia is South America (Uruguay, Chile, Argentina). These are herbaceous perennial plants, in nature there are about 30 species, some of which are grown as decorative indoor plants.
Types of Rodophiala
Rodophial Andean Rhodophiala andicola (Poepp.) Traub.
Synonyms: Amaryllis andicola (Poepp.), Amaryllis purpurata ((Phil.) Traub & Uphof), Habranthus andicola ((Poepp.) Herb.), Hippeastrum andicola ((Poepp.) Baker), Rhodolirium andicola ((Poepp.) Ravenna), Rhodophiala purpurata ((Phil.) Traub), Zephyranthes andicola ((Poepp.) Baker), Hippeastrum purpuratum Phil.
- Habitat: Chile. It grows high in the mountains on barren soils.
- Description: small, up to 40 cm high, bulbous plant with small (about 7 cm in diameter), lilac-pink flowers. Blooms in summer.
Rodophiala araucana Rhodophiala araucana (Phil.) Traub.
- Synonyms: Amaryllis araucana (Phil.) Traub & Uphof, Myostemma araucana (Phil.) Ravenna.
- Habitat: Chile, Argentina.
- Description: plant up to 30.5 cm high. On the peduncle, usually 1-2 (sometimes 3) red or yellow flowers with a slight red tint are formed.
Rodophial alien Rhodophiala advena (Ker Gawl.) Traub.
Synonyms: Amaryllis advena (Ker Gawl.), Amaryllis advena var. citrina (Lindl.), Amaryllis advena var. coccinea (Lindl.), Amaryllis sweetiana (Steud.), Chlidanthus cumingii (C. Presl), Habranthus advenus ((Ker Gawl.) Herb.), Habranthus hesperius (Herb.), Habranthus hesperius var. advena ((Ker Gawl.) Herb.), Habranthus hesperius var. miniatus ((D. Don ex Sweet) Herb.), Habranthus hesperius var. pallidus (Gay), Habranthus hesperius var. pallidus (Herb.), Habranthus miniatus (D. Don ex Sweet), Habranthus pallidus (Lodd.), Hippeastrum pallidum ((Lodd.) Pax), Myostemma advena ((Ker Gawl.) Ravenna), Phycella macleanica (Baker), Hippeastrum pallidum (Lodd.) Pax.
- Habitat: Chile.
- Description: Bulbs are ovoid, spherical in shape with a short neck about 4 cm in diameter. The upper scales are brown. The leaves are grayish green, long, about 30 cm long and 5 mm. wide, develop after flowering. On the peduncle, from 2 to 6 bright red or pink, miniature flowers with a yellow-green throat are formed. The peduncle is not high, 15-30 cm in height, the diameter of the flower is about 5 cm. The petals are narrow, about 5 cm long, pointed. Bracts 2.5-5 cm long, pedicels 2-7 cm Perianth horizontal or almost horizontal, open, funnel-shaped. The perianth tube is short, about 5 mm. Flowering in the middle of summer.
Rodophiala Bagnoldi Rhodophiala bagnoldii (Herb.) Traub.
Synonyms: Amaryllis bagnoldii ((Herb.) D. Dietr.), Amaryllis bagnoldii var. minor ((Speg.) Traub), Habranthus bagnoldii (Herb.), Habranthus punctatus (Herb.), Hippeastrum bagnoldii ((Herb.) Baker), Hippeastrum bagnoldii var. minor (Speg.), Hippeastrum punctatum (Herb.) Phil.
- Habitat: Argentina, Chile.
- Description: a bulb up to 5 cm in diameter. The upper scales are almost black. Leaves are gray-green, long, narrow. Sheet length 30 cm, width 6 mm. The peduncle is small, up to 30 cm tall. On the peduncle, 4-8 yellow or yellow flowers with "red blush" are formed. The length of the bracts is 4-5 cm, the pedicels are 2-7 cm The perianth is erect, almost funnel-shaped. The perianth tube is short, about 5mm. The perianth petals are not wide, pointed, the throat is green. Blooming in summer.
Rodophial bipartite Rhodophiala bifida (Herb.) Traub.
Synonyms: Amaryllis angusta ((Herb.) Schult. & Schult.f.), Amaryllis bifida ((Herb.) Spreng), Amaryllis bifida var. pulchra ((Herb.) Traub & Moldenke), Amaryllis bifida var. spathacea ((Herb.) Traub & Moldenke), Amaryllis bonariensis ((Kuntze) Traub & Uphof), Amaryllis granatiflora ((E. Holmb.) Traub & Uphof), Amaryllis intermedia (Lindl.), Amaryllis kermesiana (Lindl.), Amaryllis kermesiana var. nemoralis ((Herb.) Seub.), Amaryllis lorifolia ((Herb.) Steud), Amaryllis platensis ((E. Holmb.) Traub & Uphof), Amaryllis pulchra ((Herb.) Traub & Uphof), Habranthus angustus (Herb.), Habranthus bifidus (Herb.), Habranthus bifidus var. litoralis (Herb.), Habranthus intermedius (Herb.), Habranthus kermesinus ((Lindl.) Herb.), Habranthus litoralis (M. Roem.), Habranthus lorifolius (Herb.), Habranthus nemoralis (Herb.),Habranthus nobilis (Herb.), Habranthus pulcher (Herb.), Habranthus spathaceus (Herb.), Habranthus spathaceus var. angustus ((Herb.) Herb.), Hippeastrum bifidum var. spathaceum ((Herb.) HEMoore), Hippeastrum bonariense (Kuntze), Hippeastrum granatiflorum (E. Holmb.), Hippeastrum kermesianum ((Lindl.) Herter), Hippeastrum nemorale ((Herb.) Herter), (E. Hippeastrum platense.), Hippeastrum platense var. angustum ((Herb.) E. Holmb.), Hippeastrum pulchrum ((Herb.) E. Holmb.), Myostemma bifida ((Herb.) Ravenna), Myostemma bifida forma granatiflora ((E. Holmb.) Ravenna), Phycella bonariensis ((Kuntze) Traub), Phycella granatiflora ((E. Holmb.) Traub), Rhodophiala bifida subsp. aemantha (Ravenna), Rhodophiala bifida subsp. granatiflora ((E. Holmb.) Ravenna), Rhodophiala bifida var. pulchra ((Herb.) Traub), Rhodophiala bifida subsp. purpurea (Ravenna),Rhodophiala, Hippeastrum bifidum (Herb.) Baker.
- Habitat: Argentina, Uruguay.
- Description: an egg-shaped bulb, up to 4.5 cm in diameter. The upper scales are dark brown. Leaves are grayish green, long, narrow. The length of the leaf is up to 45 cm, the width is 1.3 cm. On the peduncle, 2-7 orange-scarlet flowers with a yellow-green throat are formed. Peduncle is up to 60 cm high. Bracts are 5-7.5 cm long, pedicels are 2.5-5 cm long. Perianth is erect, narrow, funnel-shaped. The perianth tube is short, about 3 mm. Perianth petals are not wide, oblong, pointed. The filaments and pistil are short, red.
Rodophiala Chilean Rhodophiala chilensis (L'Her.) Traub.
Synonyms: Amaryllis chilensis (L \ 'Her.), Amaryllis chloroleuca (Ker Gawl.), Amaryllis coccinea (Molina), Amaryllis linearifolia (Molina), Amaryllis lutea (Pav.ex Schult. & Schult.), Amaryllis lutescens (Herb. ex Kunth), Amaryllis ochroleuca (Ker Gawl.ex Schult. & Schult.f.), Habranthus chilensis ((L \ 'Her.) Herb.), Rhodolirium chilense ((L \' Her.) Ravenna), Rhodophiala chilensis ((L \ 'Her.) Traub), Zephyranthes chloroleuca ((Ker Gawl.) Herb.), Zephyranthes lutea (Herb.).
- Habitat: Chile (south).
- Description: plant 15-25 cm high. Flowers bright red or yellow.
Rodophial gillisiana Rhodophiala gilliesiana (Herb.) Ined.
Synonyms: Amaryllis elwesii (CHWright) Traub & Uphof, Habranthus bagnoldii var. gilliesianus Herb., Habranthus gilliesianus (Herb.) M. Roem., Habranthus mendocinus Phil., Hippeastrum elwesii CHWright, Myostemma elwesii (CHWright) Ravenna, Myostemma gilliesiana (Herb.) Ravenna, Rhodophiala mendna Ravenina
The species was included in the classification in 1903.
- Habitat: southern Argentina, Chile.
- Description: plant 30.5 cm high Flowers pale yellow, yellow flowers. Blooms in mid-summer.
Rhodophiala phycelloides Rhodophiala phycelloides
Synonyms: Amaryllis phycelloides ((Herb.) Steud.), Habranthus phycelloides (Herb.), Myostemma phycelloides ((Herb.) Ravenna), Phycella phycelloides ((Herb.) Traub), Hippeastrum phycelloides (Herb.) Baker.
- Habitat: Chile.
- Description: The flowers are red, tubular, about 7.5 cm in diameter. On the peduncle, 3 to 8 flowers are formed. The leaves are long, narrow, gray-green, about 30 cm long, usually appear simultaneously with the peduncle.
Rodophial meadow Rhodophiala pratensis (Poepp.) Traub.
Synonyms: Amaryllis atacamensis (Traub & Uphof), Amaryllis pratensis (Poepp.), Amaryllis uniflora ((Phil.) Traub & Uphof), Habranthus pratensis ((Poepp.) Herb.), Habranthus pratensis var. quadriflorus (Herb.), Hippeastrum laetum ((Phil.) Phil.), Hippeastrum pratense ((Poepp.) Baker), Hippeastrum uniflorum ((Phil.) Baker), Myostemma pratensis ((Poepp.) Ravenna), Placea pratensis ((Poepp.) F.Phil.), Rhodolirium laetum ((Phil.) Ravenna), Rhodophiala amarylloides (C. Presl), Rhodophiala laeta (Phil.), Rhodophiala uniflora (Phil.), Rhodophiala volckmannii (Phil.), Hippeastrum pretense (Poepp.) Baker.
- Habitat: Chile.
- Description: Ovate bulb with a short neck, 3-4 cm in diameter, with dark brown upper scales. Leaves are bright green, narrow, long. Leaves length 30-50 cm, width 6-13 mm. On a peduncle 60 cm high, 2 to 8 flowers are formed. Bracts 3-5 cm, pedicels 2.5-4 cm Perianth open, funnel-shaped, horizontal, bright red or purple. From the base of the petals and almost to the middle there is a central yellow stripe. The pistil and filaments are short, colored almost to the middle in bright red, closer to the throat in yellow.
Rodophiala Rodolirion Rhodophiala rhodolirion (Baker) Traub.
Synonyms: Amaryllis rhodolirion ((Baker) Traub & Uphof), Hippeastrum andinum (Phil.), Hippeastrum rhodolirion (Baker), Rhodolirium andinum (Phil.), Rhodolirium montanum (Phil.), Rhodastophiala rhodolirion) ((Baker) Traveler) rhodolirion Baker.
- Habitat: Chile. Grows in the mountains.
- Description: plant up to 25 cm high. Flowers are white or pink with dark red veins from the base of the petals to the middle. The petals are not wide, pointed, curved. The throat of the flower is greenish-yellow.
Caring for Rodophiala
The temperature of the content depends on the type of Rodophial, in summer it is the most common, only a little control is in your power - in the heat you can move the pots to the floor, where it is cooler. The higher the temperature outside in summer, the better the room should be ventilated. Find a cool place for the winter.
The genus Rhodophiala is conventionally divided into three groups, depending on the need for a rest period:
- The first group Rhodophiala bagnoldi, Rhodophiala ovalleana, Rhodophiala splendens, Rhodophiala advena - grow in Chile on the plateaus. In the summer, Rodophials grow at a normal room temperature of 25-32 ° C. In winter, they need a dry and cold dormant period, at temperatures up to 10 ° C and very rare watering. This group of plants requires very bright lighting and does not need shading. They grow on alkaline and neutral soils. During flowering, some species remain with leaves, while others are leafless.
- The second group Rhodophiala rhodolirion, Rhodophiala araucana, Rhodophiala andicola, Rhodophiala elwesii - grow in Argentina and Chile, but unlike the first group - in the middle mountains. In summer, they need coolness, long heat above 25 ° C is difficult to endure all day long (in nature there are significant fluctuations in daily temperatures - from plus during the day to minus at night), so it is difficult to grow them at home in central Russia. In addition, they need a dry and cold dormant period, at temperatures down to -5 ° C, winter under the snow, without watering. This group of plants requires very bright lighting and does not need shading. They grow on neutral and slightly acidic soils.
- The third group Rhodophiala bifida - grows in Argentina and Uruguay, on the plains. It rains in both winter and summer, so Rodophial does not tolerate overdrying and too hot dry weather, although it is considered the most hardy species among Rodophials. The species is frost-resistant, will endure a decrease to -12 ° C under cover, without watering. However, wintering is enough for him at a temperature of about + 5 ° C, while the soil should not dry out. Blooms in a leafless state. Requires full sunlight. It is also undemanding to soils, grows both on alkaline and weakly acidic. During the growing season, you need to spray it periodically.
Lighting: moderately bright for all species, at home from March to August, shading in the afternoon (from 12 to 17 hours). Shading is not required at other times of the year or day.
Flowering: When grown indoors, flowering occurs in fall, winter and spring.
Watering: During the period of active growth of the leaf mass, watering is moderate, after making sure that the soil is dry, you can water the next day. If it is very hot and dry (above 27-28 ° C), water immediately after drying the soil in the pot. Remember that waterlogging of bulbous plants threatens with rotting of the bulbs and the death of the plant. In cold weather (when it is cool in summer, autumn or winter), watering also depends on the rate of drying of the soil, which dictates the temperature and humidity of the air. Water the plants in such an amount of water that the soil in the pot dries out no longer than 2-3 days.
Transfer: About once every 2-3 years in a well-drained sandy soil with a moderate humus content. An example of a soil mixture: 2 parts of peat or leafy soil and 1 part of sand, coarsely washed from dust, or pebbles (2-3mm). You can also use a universal soil, for example Terra Vita (living earth), adding vermiculite or gravel to it, and a little vermicompost. When planting, the onions are completely covered with earth. Make sure there are large holes at the bottom of the pot for water drainage.
Almost all species of Rodophiala reproduce by seeds, as they rarely form daughter bulbs. Seeds quickly lose their germination, so only fresh seeds should be planted.
Most species need stratification prior to planting. To do this, the seeds must be laid out in a cotton napkin, put on a saucer, filled with cold water, covered with a loose lid, and put into the refrigerator.
Good seeds will germinate within 2-3 days. When the root appears, the seeds can be sown. Prepare a wide bowl with a mixture of leafy earth and sand. Sprinkle with 3-5mm substrate. Moisten with a spray bottle and cover with glass or foil. The plate is kept at a temperature of about 15 ° C, in a sunny place.
After the young plants have grown up, they are transplanted into small pots and grown without a dormant period for two years. In the third year, a dormant period should already be provided, which favors good flowering. Thus, Rodophial should bloom in the third year.
As you probably already understood, the Rodophial plant is quite difficult to grow for a novice grower. The difficulty lies, first of all, in the need to provide plants with coolness for a dormant period. More success can be achieved by growing Rodophialo in a greenhouse or conservatory. Rodofiala needs access to fresh air and ultraviolet radiation for favorable growth.
- Classification of the Amaryllis family
- Frequently asked questions about hippeastrum
- Catalog of species (wild) hippeastrum
- Catalog of varietal hippeastrum